15

Yes. According to this interview with Tolkien, he really did design it to be Semitic. He says, The dwarves of course are quite obviously, wouldn't you say that in many ways they remind you of the Jews? Their words are Semitic obviously, constructed to be Semitic. In other words, he did design their tongue to be very like the Semitic language, possibly ...


7

As per this (cited by "An Analysis of Dwarvish" in Arda Philology 1: Proceedings of the First International Conference, with a very nice glossary of the language, which can be found here): Regarding Khuzdul, Tolkien stated that "this tongue has been sketched in some detail of structure, if with a very small vocabulary" (PM:300). It evidently came into ...


5

Well, from what we can glean out of the given texts, I'd be looking for something more like "at your service" rather than "good day". I know the movies aren't canon, but Jackson depicts the Dwarves as not really comprehending Bilbo when tries to "good morning" them. And Gandalf's retort is classic. That greeting might be a cultural artifact of the Shire. I ...


1

Quenya has tanwë which means "device, craft, construction." A search for "machine" on this site which may or may not be reputable gives a couple of other words in Quenya, Sindarin, and Noldorin. Tolkien did once use the word gun in the Hobbit. This question on sff explains that, and the top answer to it includes this quote: The Common Speech, as the ...


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