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0answers
8 views

Is lowering the tongue at word-ending a voiceless vowel?

In my conlang, some consonants can cluster with l at the end. For example, 'story' is 'coánl'; following dictionary.com's IPA for 'metal' as / ˈmɛt l / I had set out pronouncing this like /koˈa:n l/. ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

Are words based on acronyms treated differently when the language changes over time?

Do sound and grammar changes affect acronyms, that can be pronounced as words, differently than other words in a language? Are words based on acronyms treated differently or not when sound/grammar ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Is it possible to have consonant followed by Uvular sound

I am thinking of creating a language that has a sound system a little similar to Latin, with a guttural feel like German. The people who are going to speak this language are harsh and sound annoyed at ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How important/useful is it to derive words from smaller parts in a conlang?

In a similar light to How do conlangs/natlangs have prefixes suffixes and not get them jumbled up? , what is the use or purpose of deriving words from smaller parts in a conlang, generally speaking? ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

How do conlangs/natlangs have prefixes suffixes and not get them jumbled up?

When thinking how to build a conlang system of prefixes/suffixes, I get stuck right at the beginning: how do you prevent clashes within the prefix/suffix/base system? By that I mean the following. Say ...
5
votes
3answers
62 views

What is the variety of ways one can deal with absorbing words from different languages in a conlang?

The conlang I am working on has very strict rules on word formation: They must start and end with a consonant They can only have single vowels between consonants (which can be in consonant clusters). ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

How do swear words work in real languages?

How many swear words should you have in a conlang, and how are they designed? What is their purpose really? And should any other "regular" words be constructed out of them? Like if "bar&...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

How long do words get in other languages, and how hard are long words to say or read?

So I have a list of basic words in my budding conlang. I would like to construct compound words now, like we do with Latin/Greek in English (e.g. "hyacinthoides"). One word I can create in ...
1
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2answers
47 views

How to handle the "key" *focusing* words in a Conlang, like the, me, we, here, this, etc.?

So I have a burgeoning conlang that I've been playing around with, still stuck on the word portion (it has been several months). But every now and then I can take a little breather and work on some ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

How to create words which will be unambiguously parsable in a conlang?

Right now I am working on this, a list of words to translate into the conlang. At first I started by manually deriving the words from Hebrew/Arabic/Sanskrit/Greek/Latin/English/Spanish, but then found ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

How to break out of the English mold when creating a conlang (specifically in regards to word modifiers)?

I am working on a conlang. I have to some degree (i.e. a little bit) studied the grammar of Chinese, Vietnamese, Japanese, Sanskrit, and Hebrew, and know Spanish relatively well in comparison from ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to handle denoting the noun in a sentence when there are noun-modifiers present?

I am working on a conlang and considering ways to denote a noun in a sentence. It's easy to handle single-word nouns (translating from English), because, well, they are one word. An example of a ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Are there languages that don't prefix verbs with "to be" or "to do" in continuous or progressive aspect and the like?

I am working on a conlang and wondering how we can rework the "continuous" aspect, like present continuous, looking for how other languages implement such a grammatical verb feature. Some ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

How do you handle the distinction between "modifiers" (adjectives and adverbs) and "determiners" in a generic way?

I am working on a conlang and am trying to better handle the distinction between adverbs, adjectives, and determiners. Adverbs modify verbs (and other things), and adjectives modify nouns, but ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

How do you write a language without the word "to" preceding verbs?

I am working on a fantasy language and am perplexed by the true meaning of the word "to" in English, at least when it appears before a verb, as in these sentences. I want to go somewhere. I ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

What are some key languages which don't have distinctions between me, myself, and I?

I am working on a conlang and would like to treat "I" or "me" or "myself" as one thing, "me", as a noun I guess. Are there languages that do this, that don't ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Finding Sentence Structure in VSO

I'm making a Conlang, and this conlang uses a Verb-Subject-Object Sentence Structure. I'm trying to convert part of the poem "The New Colossus" into the Conlang, but I'm stuck trying to ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Looking for a conlang I once encountered

I am looking for a conlang I once encountered. Sadly I lack specific and reliable info, but I'll dump what I can recollect. It was built from simple semantic units (syllables?), with the latter ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

Research into novel language features that are easy to acquire in an L2

Is there any known research on novel language features that are easy to acquire? I'm most interested in language features that are unexpectedly easy to acquire despite not having an L1 equivalent (so ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

How to prevent pronoun dropping in my language?

I have an idea for a language I am toying with where sentences have a fairly rigid structure, unfortunately I get the feeling that if I were to start with a precursor protolang (as part of me ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

What CompSci concepts have been used in conlanging?

I am looking for things in the vein of the use of run-length encoding in representing arbitrarily large integers in a Haskell-based conlang. An example might be tree data structure based punctuation ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

How is Ido helpful in everyday's life?

Constructed languages such as Ido are easy but is there anyway it is helpful. Do they have any purpose in real life other than being an experiment?
4
votes
0answers
20 views

Attach noi/poi-clauses to a selbri in Lojban

In Lojban, what is the right way to attach restrictive and non-restrictive clauses to a selbri? Consider the English example: It is the fourth-most populous city in California, after Los Angeles, San ...
8
votes
2answers
78 views

How to modernize a dead language vocabulary

This is an enthusiastic question: Currently I'm studying Akkadian for fun, but as it is a dead language, the vocabulary may have some missing words/concepts. For example, I didn`t found a word for &...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Reverse diachronic languages

There is quite an amount of so-called diachronic constructed languages, taking one language (historical like vulgar Latin, or modern like present-day English) and applying some sound shifts and ...
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Does a constructed language need an ontology?

I am very confident my implied premise is valid. There is no sense in trying to construct a language without a complete list illustrating the semantic relationship of the anticipated words. I have not ...
2
votes
4answers
87 views

How to go about making a simple to speak (for English speakers) conlang?

I am new to conlanging, and would like to create a language which English speakers can easily learn. How would you suggest I go about optimizing it for English speakers? Which features should I choose ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Setting a signature Phonetics

A year ago, I became fascinated by conlanging. So I set out to create one for my soon-to-be-completed world, but no matter what I came up with, the words sounded like English. It feels like I am just ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Could a language with only fricatives at the end of words reasonably exist?

There are several non-constructed languages, including English, in which almost all words end in consonants, but what about a language in which almost all words end in a certain type of consonant? In ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

How to create custom characters

I am creating s conlang and have come across roadblock. I want to use custom characters for a keyboard, but I find paper too unorganized and inconvenient. I have tried keyman before, but that did not ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

First-timer questions for developing language families, been trying out Vulgarlang

I'm currently working on a project of mine, an overhaul modification for the game Victoria 3 and I'm digging deeper into the phase for making unique languages to represent portions of every continent/...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Is there a set of sound change rules that undoes Grimm's law?

Zompist has a Sound Change Applier that comes with some example rules: [sm]//_# i/j/_V L/V/_ e//Vr_# v//V_V u/o/_# gn/nh/_ S/Z/V_V c/i/F_t c/u/B_t p//V_t ii/i/_ e//C_rV Is ...
7
votes
2answers
105 views

Can a toki pona vocative phrase go before an adverbial phrase?

If I wanted to translate an imperative phrase: "Dad, eat quickly!" I can say tenpo lili la mama o moku However it seems a bit odd to me to put my vocative mama in the middle. It seems ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

Would a "Common Denominator" phonology be too simple (or even non-existent)?

Many languages have sounds that are very hard to pronounce to certain speakers. For example, the French "R" sound is hard for English speakers. What if we have a language that accepts many ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Creation of Alphabets

If the creation of languages ​​is called language invention what is the creation of writing systems called? I don't think it's called Lettering because when I search for that on the net, I see that ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Considering that my elves are anatomically different from humans, what sorts of phonemes, vowels and consonants could they be capable of speaking?

For years now, I've been building and rebuilding an alternate Earth dense with geography, geology and wildlife. Among them is this world's equivalent of humans, Draculodon silvius, the "elf"...
6
votes
1answer
91 views

How to showcase a conlang?

How would one go about "Showcasing" a conlang, other than by works of fiction, like Tolkien? I want to have a way to share my language to the world in full, with outlined grammar and ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

What is the minimum number of words needed for a conlang?

What would the minimum number of words needed for a conlang, while still being able to speak with about the same level of information passed as a natural language?
11
votes
6answers
1k views

How should my conlang enable arbitrarily large integers to be said?

Whilst worldbuilding, I decided to make a conlang. It's named Leksah. Leksah is heavily influenced by the programming language Haskell. As such, Leksah has only 3 parts of speech: Literals, which ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

History of world language

If we look at world history—I am speaking a little vaguely, since it is not possible to be completely accurate. The human race began from a single region, as you can see in the bottom image. What ...
5
votes
1answer
37 views

What glyph to pick from alternatives in Kēlen script?

The Kēlen alphabet as given on https://www.terjemar.net/kelen/writing.php shows variants for some letters. Here is an example: Are there rules on when to pick which form?
6
votes
1answer
46 views

In compound words/suffixed words, does the stress change?

I'm creating a language where the stress is on the third to last syllable and I have a sound change where an unstressed short vowel at the beginning of a word is deleted. (so in 'a.ta.ra. the word vs ...
6
votes
1answer
98 views

Are there conlangs designed to be whispered?

We all know that natural languages can be whispered and we use whispering for several purposes, e.g., to avoid someone unwanted listening, or in order not to disturb a larger audience. But are there ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Has anyone made image based languages?

This is my first visit here. I have been writing machine/computer languages for about 8 years now. I am completely self taught and use my own tools. I have many languages that I have completed that ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Do we know languages which think about subordinate conjunctions (like 'as,' 'even,' 'while') differently than English does?

for my conlang, I am trying to think of how to do the subordinating conjunction 'as,' 'even,' 'while' (and related: 'even though,' etc.). In the languages that I know well enough to use these words (...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Syllabic restriction/word boundaries set by IPA? Or it is decided by language creator

When creating syllables we basically require an onset, nucleus, and a coda. Now, usually, all language have an onset, and the coda is fairly optional. Before creating a phonetic system, we first ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Naturalness of different universal quantifiers based on the size of the domain you're quantifying over

English has a few determiners and determiner-like things that express universal quantification including all and every. How naturalistic is it to have different sets of quantifiers based on features ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

I am a writer, and am trying to write a language for my story, how should I start as a complete beginner of language? [duplicate]

As a writer, I am trying to write a language so that I can name places more originally, how can I start writing a bare bones language for my story?
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Does My Conlang, After Looking At My Grammar, Meet the Qualifications For a Legitimate IAL? [closed]

At the end of this question I will provide a link to the grammar in question. I have created an Auxlang that I call Ulimi (because ulimi porridge is simple. It's a stupid pun). I have also got a ...
3
votes
7answers
173 views

Maximizing the distinction between affirmative and negative sentences

What are some strategies for making affirmative and negative sentences as distinct as possible? The motivation for this question is an annoying pair of words in English: can and can't. They frequently ...

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