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8 views

Finnish as if it were English

I am fascinated by Finnish and sound changes. I had an idea for a funny version of Finnish where it has these properties: Orthographic [k] changes to [q]. [Q] is pronounced /ð/ (voiced TH) before e ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

Anti-Newspeak, making a language harder

So, the government of Oceania in 1984 creates a new, altered cersion of English to make its people easier to control. What about the opposite? A dictator wants to make his people harder to control, ...
6
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3answers
47 views

How can I add irregularities to a morphological paradigm?

So, I'm trying to make something with a naturalistic feel, even though the current phonetic system distinguishes about 38 phonemes... Let's say I'll tackle this later. I have issues with grammar... I ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Should languages ​spoken by two similar races have the same protolanguage, or can they be not related by protolanguage? [closed]

Should languages ​​spoken by two similar races have the same protolanguage, or can they be not related by protolanguage? I guess they should be similar for example in phonetics or in some other ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

what real world language does this look like?

This isn't really about a conlang, it's an alternative orthography but I didn't know where else to ask it. I found an alternative orthography for english called 'EBEO'(Even Better English Orthography)...
1
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0answers
27 views

What would be the most accurate character to use to transliterate the 'e' sound in 'bet' to the Arabic alphabet?

I'm trying to transliterate toki pona words containing an 'eh' sound like 'esun', 'en', 'kule', 'ken' & 'seme'. I found an online Kurdish transliteration tool that displays 'esun' ‌as ئه‌سون &...
3
votes
4answers
113 views

How many words should I create in a conlang?

Question 1: How many words are minimal for a naturalistic conlang? (1000, 1500, 3000 or even more) Question 2: How many words do the conlangers usually create?
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is there any constructed language that eliminated all fallacies related to how language works?

Is there any constructed language that eliminated all fallacies related to how language works, that made extinct all fallacies that could be made extinct by creating a language from scratch to avoid ...
5
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2answers
77 views

Are there any sites you can use to develop an online course for your own conlang?

Creating a conlang is usually only half (or less than half!) of the necessary effort: someone has to be able to learn it, unless you want to keep it as your own private secret code. I use Duolingo to ...
7
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3answers
47 views

State-based analogue to distributive case

I am developing conlang that has grammatical cases system for nominals that for each spatial case there is state-based case. In Finnic languages grammatical cases that denote states occur, examples ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Transliterating toki pona to hebrew

What would be the best choice of niqqud to transliterate toki pona vowel sounds using Hebrew? I'm trying to use the niqqud that would be closest to what is normally used in Hebrew. Should 'e' be אֶ or ...
1
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0answers
36 views

What list of words do you use when creating a language? [duplicate]

What word list do you use when creating a language? Is there a conlang word list? P.S I know that this question is kinda subjective, but I think that it will be quite useful for conlangers.
3
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5answers
95 views

Good Real World Languages to Base Proto-Lang Vocabulary

I'm working on a conlang that requires a LOT of work, particularly in the sound changes from proto-lang to the current version. Instead of creating a whole set of words from nothing, I am ...
5
votes
2answers
103 views

Do I need a Dative Case?

My conlang already has Benefactive and Lative cases, does it really need a Dative case? I'm racking my brain to find situations that couldn't be covered by those two and would require a separate ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

How do I naturalistically merge two languages without a clear Substrate and Superstrate?

For my latest worldbuilding project I'm trying to create a naturalistic language for a fictional empire I've been creating. This empire was born at the end of the Bronze Age when various kingdoms and ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Sona: how complete it is and how alive it is?

I find the basic ideas of Sona very appealing, but, from what I see in the web, it is not, by far, as popular as Esperanto or Lojban or other well-known conlangs. Therefore my question: Is it a ...
4
votes
3answers
216 views

Could you have a language with only three words?

Don't immediately dismiss this! Just give me a moment to explain and you might realize it's an idea that might have merit, especially considering the question title is a little misleading. Also, I'm ...
2
votes
4answers
116 views

Are there languages with five conjugations? If not, how would one construct one?

Most languages I am familiar with have six different person/number combinations for verbs: Singular 1st (I) 2nd (you) 3rd (he/she/it) *Plural 1st (we) 2nd (you (all)) 3rd (they) Obviously, verb ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Simplified Version of IPA?

In IPA, many alphabets are so close that they are indistinguishable! Such as [bʊk], [ɓʊk], or [βʊk]. Even though they DO have some minor differences, but all the listener heard is "book". So is ...
7
votes
1answer
50 views

Is Schleyer's first sketch of Volapük available as a reprint?

Johann Martin Schleyer published the first sketch of Volapük in 1879 in a rather obscure catholic newsletter named Die Sionsharfe. This newsletter isn't easily accessible, as far as I know. Is this ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

What setting for the dropoff rate in a language generator will produce a natural English phoneme distribution?

In creating an ancestral lang for a hard-fantasy world that is based on the language of your home, you first have to understand that language. And for an impatient worldbuilder like me, the Vulgar ...
9
votes
3answers
179 views

Are there any free online conlang creation tools?

I was wondering if anyone knows of any conlang creation websites that are free to use. I know this sounds silly but I have little experience to go on as for creating a custom language.
5
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0answers
34 views

Where should I start? Want to create a fictional conlang with old English, old Irish, and ancient nordic elements with unique written elements [duplicate]

So I had an idea for a PC game that harkens somewhat to my ancestors... Imagine a fictional world blessed with angels, dragons, elves and fey and lots more, where technology is present but very rare ...
2
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4answers
212 views

Is mathematics considered a constructed language?

Mathematics consists of various names, relationships, etc. that have been consciously constructed and developed over time. On the other hand its a "formal" language whose scope is extremely ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

International Language [closed]

I was reading International Auxiliary Language, but I don't like their setups. Because, mostly, they use Latin alphabets! And that, my friends, cause confusions! No matter what the letter was ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

How would I make an efficient, written, language while still providing the least ambiguity that is reasonable?

I plan on having some ambiguity for stuff like wordplay (and to make the language feel natural). By efficient, I mean the language takes up little space on the document it is conveying information on. ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Is this translation of “May we drink from the empty skulls of our enemies” correct?

I'm trying to translate this sentence: "May we drink from the empty skulls of our enemies" to tlhIngan-Hol / Klingon, this will be used as a toast at a friends' wedding (of all things). While my ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Is there a word for “skull” in Klingon?

Exactly what it says on the can - I'm looking for a word in tlhingan-Hol (Klingon) for "skull". Fallback: In case there isn't a canon word, I'm defaulting to using "head bone" as a replacement. I ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Are suffixes in Ido agglutinative?

I was thinking what is the correct way to say "Little princess" in Ido. (EN) Little princess - Little (indicates the "size") Princess (descendant of some royal crown and that descendant is female). (...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

How common are reflexive pronouns in natlangs?

I'm working on the pronoun system of one of my conlangs, and I can't find any resource that can tell me how commonly reflexive pronouns occur in natural languages. Is a reflexive something I need to ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there a Semitic zonal language?

I am familiar with zonal languages that attempt to smooth out and simplify the differences between languages within a family, such as Slovio for the Slavic languages and Folkspraak for the Germanic ...
4
votes
3answers
182 views

Are there any Conlangs using Chinese characters?

The Chinese character system is one that is universal to many Chinese dialects. Two people can pronounce the same character in two different ways, but when writing to each other it is intelligible. ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Which sounds could a lipless humanoid produce?

In my world, I have a race of humanoids who speak a language called Gé̃kt, which is derived from various Eastern Iranian languages such as Khotanese, Ossetian, Yaghnobi and Bactrian with a dash of ...
10
votes
5answers
166 views

How does one write an easily decipherable language?

I'm writing a book about humans finding alien writing off-planet, which is why I want to know how—without referencing known human languages like the Rosetta Stone does—it may be deciphered. Does it ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How to translate the word “lost”/“loss” into Klingon?

Say for instance I want to say something like, "I'm looking for bears and the lost sheep." I would think that would be to use the genitive case, making something like: mIl'oDmey chIlpu'ghach ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

How do lists of three or more items work in Klingon?

Concerning compound subjects and such, I'm not exactly sure how lists of nouns work exactly, especially with three or more items. How would "bears and metal drums" be distinguished from "bears, metal, ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

How to naturally evolve verbs into adverbs or dependent clauses?

Currently I have a very simple proto-language which I'm trying to evolve. For example: slishi hu ho shofli shofli pfufi tushi repair person tool fish.V fish.V succeed cause Person ...
6
votes
1answer
190 views

Valyrian - what living languages does it resemble the most?

I'm interested in knowing what living languages Valyrian from Game of Thrones resembles the most in its grammar and/or vocabulary. I've gathered here some very basic examples of what kind of ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

What decides where is the break between syllables?

I'm getting started with creating a language and I run into trouble when I started using rules I devised for protolanguage (e.g. only open syllables). However I run into trouble when I tried to apply ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Is this sonority hierarchy correct?

I need to sort these phonemes properly before I get into clusters and making syllables, but I'm not sure I did it right.
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Constructing a language based on existing languages from different families

I wonder how is it possible to construct a language based on the existing languages. There are Indo-European, Altaic, Semitic, and a small portion of Dravidian and Caucasic languages in my country, ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Are there any constructed languages designed with a constructed script, both aiming to be international and auxiliary?

Hangul is a beautiful constructed script, used to write the natural languages of Korean, Jeju, Hokkien, and Cia-Cia, perhaps others. The shape of the letters mimic the shape of the mouth, and a ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

IPA for Voiced Velopharyngeal Stop?

A conlang I am working on contains the nasal syllabic consonants [m̩] and [n̩] fairly frequently. It seems like it would be a natural step for the language to develop what I would call a voiced ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Is there a toki pona hieroglyphics font?

For the toki pona language there is a writing system where each word is replaced by a single logogram or hieroglyph. There is also a web-based converter which allows you to enter a text in toki pona ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Has anyone analysed the invented languages in the Earthsea books?

Ursula K Le Guin's Earthsea stories contain vocabulary and utterances from three invented languages. The first step to fleshing these out into fully developed conlangs would be to list all the ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

what kinds of vocal sounds echo less?

Please bear with me as I elaborate. I'm looking to create a language for humanoids that live in a set of cave systems and tunnels. While their language may have been 'born' on the surface, they have ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Creating Fictional Slavic Place Names

I have a very simple question regarding a small problem I cannot find a single satisfying answer to. I am trying to create a country with a prominent Slavic culture. In my story, an alien world has ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Can you use possessive indicators on pronouns that already have a possessive version of itself in Dovahzul?

In Dovahzul, you can show possession by using se, do, ro, or dro. However, the pronouns already have possessive versions of themselves (e.g. You goes to Your). Would something like hisedok/hi do dok ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Is latino sine flexione dead?

Latino sine flexione is a variant of Latin created by Peano in 1903. As far as I know it was used in scientific literature but since forgotten. I found this site and a few discussions on Duolingo but ...
10
votes
6answers
215 views

How to describe a purely symbolic writing system?

Before I jump headlong into constructing a language, I'd like to do some research and see what others have done before me and learn from their experiences/mistakes. The keywords I'm currently using ...

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