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3 votes
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Evolving tense from a tenseless proto-language

I'm trying to come up with a verb system as confusing as Georgian, where expressing TAM involves the combination of many affixes whose individual meaning has been lost to time. I want the daughter ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
  • 714
2 votes
1 answer
46 views

With infix connectives, how to handle edge cases?

Suppose we have a language containing an infix connective for building some sort of sequence. For example, perhaps our terminals are natural numbers and commas, and we are considering fragments like &...
Corbin's user avatar
  • 226
-2 votes
1 answer
46 views

Would the Numerical Tongue be adapted? [closed]

Last year on October I applied for a Guinness World Record where I proposed to write the Bible in numbers using a concept I refer to as the Universal Tongue. My proposal was declined because it didn't ...
Nelson Njagi's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
108 views

How does the writing system 12480 work?

I've been trying to come up with a language for a science fiction book, and I came across 12480, which I think would make a good base for the language. The only problem is, I'd like a general idea of ...
Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
37 views

What sorts of sounds can seals make?

I saw the video "How to Write Languages for Animals": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8vahlnBkVUA, and I wanted to try my hand at creating one for seals using the following images: Only I ...
Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

How would you write this modified version of the ring inscription in the Black Speech?

One ring to rule you, one ring to find you One ring to bring you, and in the darkness bind you I love you Gopinadh
Deepika Manukonda's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
48 views

Problems with this system for compound words?

I was thinking of having all "base" words in the budding conlang I'm working on start and end with a consonant (and be 1-4 syllables), with 1 vowel between each consonant. So like banakan or ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 1,728
4 votes
1 answer
58 views

Extending venitives/andatives

I'm in the middle of redesigning the verb paradigm for one of my languages, and I'm confronted with the dilemma of knowing that I want a prefix that looks like this, placed there for aesthetic reasons,...
Arcaeca's user avatar
  • 714
3 votes
2 answers
57 views

Is there a good natural reason for a language to declare infinite cardinalities as "plural" and finite cardinalities as "paucal"?

Nowadays, mathematicians have a number of ways of dealing with infinities, prominently the notions of cardinalities and ordinal numbers. As such, I wondered whether we would incorporate such notions ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
75 views

Is merging singular and dual naturalistic?

So, In the conlang I'm working on currently, nouns decline for number - singular, dual or plural. My problem is, due to phonological changes, in many nouns, the forms for singular and dual have merged,...
Cecilia's user avatar
  • 1,188
3 votes
1 answer
52 views

Would cuiviëquendion be the proper translation of the awakening of the Elves?

Would cuiviëquendion be the proper translation of the awakening of the Elves ? As far as I understand cuivië means awakening and quendion is the genetive adjective associated to Quendi which literally ...
Olórin's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

Need help putting modality in my language bad (realis irrealis system)

For my conlang, which is just a proto language so far, I want a realis-irrealis grammatical mood system because other than the verbs, it's pretty analytical, so it would make sense to use more ...
haydn chambers's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
51 views

Are there any free resources for creating a customized keyboard layout for a conlang?

Are there any free resources (third-party or otherwise) that would allow me to create a customized keyboard for my conlang? While I have still not finished my conlang I am currently working on, I am ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
  • 317
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Attempt to define verb inflection that is phonologically featural

My native language is Korean, which has a featural script, namely Hangul. Though my conlang isn't going to adopt Hangul, I came up with one question of curiosity: "Can there be a featural grammar?...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
70 views

Language and language storage system reflecting non-linear brain structure

Consider the following sentence. "A sailor {went, ate, made, tailored} to see see see and {did, wanted, embedded-inspired} what they could do" Now, suppose that instead of having a book I ...
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

What sounds could humanoids with no teeth produce?

Similar, no dupe: How should a consonant (IPA) chart look for lip-less, teeth-less, non-humans?Similar, no dupe: Which sounds could a lipless humanoid produce? So recently, I decided to create a ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
  • 317
1 vote
2 answers
73 views

How can my SOV conlang handle quotations?

In English, a way to express what someone is saying is usually done by putting what the character said in quotes, and place 'x said' either before or after the phrase: Bob said, 'Bill took my fishing ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
29 views

Question about selma'o FA

Is the fi elidable in sentences such as the following: fe tu’a lo karce fa mi djica [fi] lo nu litru?
Jayden Szymanski's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
17 views

How do I say "minimum age" in lojban?

Would "lo sarcyselna'a" be grammatically correct? Are there any specific rules on where to put sel and other cmavo rafsi in lujvo?
Jayden Szymanski's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
44 views

How do languages make lemmata from root words?

(Google tells me the plural of "lemma" could be "lemmas" or "lemmata", so i chose the latter. Please tell me if it's wrong.) From reading online and offline sources, I've ...
solarisNT's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
48 views

Should non-sibilant fricatives be treated like plosives or fricatives?

I don't like ending my words with plosives, because my native language tends to not audibly pronounce them. I prefer to stick to fricatives and nasals for codas. However, I'm unsure where non-sibilant ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
80 views

Breaking out of the 'derive everything' trap?

Conlang guides often recommend you derive words wherever you can, only generating new roots when no form of compounding can work. Problem is, as the 'natural meta language' demonstrates, most words ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
40 views

Is this lojban sentence grammatically correct?

Is "ta se klama" grammatically correct? Could I say "That is gone to" in lojban, without adding a zo'e to my sentence? Or would it have to be "That is gone to by something&...
Jayden Szymanski's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
46 views

For writing a grammar, benefit of linguistic vs "readable" terminology

I am writing a grammar for my conlang. I imagine finishing it and hiring a grad student or somebody to read it for comments, but otherwise, realistically, it probably has no other audience than myself ...
Vir's user avatar
  • 1,296
1 vote
1 answer
49 views

Can the suffixes of an agglutinative language include morphemes which are also part of the base verb/noun word forms?

One thing that makes it hard to imagine how agglutinative languages could work is how they can handle when the suffix is also included in the base verb/noun word forms. So say we are translating "...
Lance's user avatar
  • 1,728
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

Are there things that commonly end sentences other than verbs?

I'm copy-pasting this from the linguistics board because someone recommended that and I'm not getting any replies there. I'm not expecting much given the luck I've been having on here, but w/e. I've ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
57 views

Is it natural to declare laterals and rhotics as a fortis/lenis pair?

I've sought for justification for the phoneme inventory of my conlang, but finally, I think I found one, at least for consonants. 순음 Labial 설음 Coronal 반설음 "Semi-coronal" 치두음 Front Sibilant ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
118 views

What made Tolkien's diachronics purposefully not naturalistic?

Somewhere else I heard that Tolkien's languages had some purposeful non naturalistic diachronics with stuff like elvish languages having the elves make some purposeful changes to them partially due to ...
Informer's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
65 views

Syllabic plosives

Fricatives and Sonorants can be in a nucleus of a syllable. Can plosives also act as a syllable? If so, do any of your conlangs have this feature?
Chuck 08's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
176 views

I am constructing my own language and I need one more consonant [closed]

I am constructing my own language and I need one more consonant other than BCChDDz, FGHJK, LLyMNNy, PRSShT, and VYZZh. C is Ts, Ch is as in China, Dz is Italian soft J/G, J is Dy/Dj/DZh W is too ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

Translate into quenya

I want to translate those sentences in quenya : One ring to show our love, One ring to seal our love, One ring to spread our light, And forever to make us bright This gives with latin letters the ...
Dirac36's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
2 answers
299 views

How does this phoneme inventory look? [closed]

How does this phoneme inventory look and any roles for them? Like, how should these be used, what they look like, and how hard it may be for people to comprehend: a - [a] ā - [aː] å - [ø] ä - [ɛ/ɑ] â -...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
150 views

Is there a good reason not to reverse the letters 𐑓 and 𐑝 in Shavian?

In the Shavian alphabet, the letter 𐑓 makes an f sound and 𐑝 makes a "v" sound. It seems reasonable that these two letters should be reversed, since 𐑝 looks like an f. To stay consistent ...
WillG's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes
1 answer
169 views

A conlang with a 'compressed' writing system?

I'm making this since now I think an 'abjad' isn't what I actually had in mind. I was thinking of a system where the vowels don't have to be written, because they're always obvious. Essentially, my ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
200 views

Tips for making a conlang that uses an abjad?

I've been looking at Classical Hebrew a lot for inspiration on some features it has. Turns out, it wasn't what I expected (such as that its not actually a VSO language, it just looks like that due to ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
277 views

How did people learn how to make conlangs?

All I can find are guides on how to make auxlangs and artlangs. I don't want to make either, I want a personal language. I don't care if my language could pass for a real one. I don't care about ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
163 views

Can a language exist without transitive verbs?

I'm developing my first conlang (no name yet) for a story and came up with an interesting idea: all verbs are intransitive, and objects are added with prepositions. So, a sentence like "I eat ...
solarisNT's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
156 views

How to prevent your conlang from explosively growing

I have made many conlangs in my life but they all wind up facing the same issues, and I am not sure how to prevent it. I wind up with countless different forms of each word as modifiers stack up onto ...
DanceroftheStars's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Question on if I am doing Split-Ergativity right

I am making a split ergative language, and I am struggling a lot on it. So, I am doing a Dyirbal-type pronominal split, where 1st and 2nd person are nominative-accusative and everything else is ...
DanceroftheStars's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
259 views

How to learn to make a conlang?

No, I'm not asking for resources. I've consulted every resource I can find, but even after more than a decade of research, I still have no conlang to show for it. I started with the Language ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
82 views

What are L, S, and F phonemes?

On the Procgenesis language generator, you find these five Phoneme types: C,V,L,S,& F. I believe that C and V are Consonants and Vowels respectively, but nothing I look at can explain the rest. ...
Anonymous's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

Vowel Breaking Sound Change

I find breaking to be an interesting sound change which I haven't used much before, and I'm trying to figure out when it would most commonly occur. My understanding is that it would be prone to happen ...
Cheelin's user avatar
  • 71
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

Pros/cons for grasping/groking/using novel concepts, new made up words (sound sequences) or multi-word terms composed from simple words?

I am back to thinking about how one could best represent the plethora of concepts from the human perspective. Whether we should invent new words (which are basically arbitrary sound sequences, using ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 1,728
5 votes
1 answer
42 views

Lower than / Covered by

I am wondering if there is a distinction in any natural language between a preposition or postposition with the meaning "lower than" and a different preposition or postposition with the ...
Cheelin's user avatar
  • 71
2 votes
2 answers
77 views

Is There an Optimal Order for Addressing Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics?

I am about to create a constructed language. Is it acceptable if I follow the levels of language in the given order: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics? Or do I need to do ...
hikaru-k-bit's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
82 views

How to develop partial reduplication diachronically?

I want a daughter language of some proto-conlang to develop partial root reduplication for consonant initial roots as a productive and mostly regular morphological feature (the precise value it marks ...
Erithacus Rubecula's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

Subordinate Clauses In OSV

So, I'm working on my very first conlang, which happens to be OSV (object-subject-verb word order). But I seem to have run into something of a roadblock. How could I handle clauses such as, for ...
CluelessAboutClauses's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
88 views

What sounds work best for an underwater language spoken by crab people?

Currently I am working on a species of crab people who live semi-aquatic life styles, and I would like their languages to do two things: Be easy to understand underwater Be based somewhat on their ...
Noah Fuque's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
205 views

To make a conlang indeciphrable

How to make a language/code indecipherable or very hard to decipher/learn? What are the key points? How does linguists decipher languages?
regenbogen9's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
179 views

What are the characteristics of "Non-Linear Language"?

What characteristics would describe a "Non-Linear Language"? For instance would it use Logographs (Chinese, Egyptian, etc.)? Or could it use IPA sound symbols? What would make the language ...
bobengineer's user avatar

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