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8 views

Is this translation of “May we drink from the empty skulls of our enemies” correct?

I'm trying to translate this sentence: "May we drink from the empty skulls of our enemies" to tlhIngan-Hol / Klingon, this will be used as a toast at a friends' wedding (of all things). While my ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Is there a word for “skull” in Klingon?

Exactly what it says on the can - I'm looking for a word in tlhingan-Hol (Klingon) for "skull". Fallback: In case there isn't a canon word, I'm defaulting to using "head bone" as a replacement. I ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Are some human languages significantly less ambiguous than others? [migrated]

Lojban was created to be syntactically unambiguous. I wonder though if there are natural languages that have the same property, or at least come much closer to having it than English does? Has ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Nomenclature for numbers in different number bases [closed]

Since it's impossible to read numbers in other bases, I was thinking about some universal affix based solution. Could some linguist help me find better words or point me to a rich resource? Some ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Are suffixes in Ido agglutinative?

I was thinking what is the correct way to say "Little princess" in Ido. (EN) Little princess - Little (indicates the "size") Princess (descendant of some royal crown and that descendant is female). (...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

How common are reflexive pronouns in natlangs?

I'm working on the pronoun system of one of my conlangs, and I can't find any resource that can tell me how commonly reflexive pronouns occur in natural languages. Is a reflexive something I need to ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

Is there a Semitic zonal language?

I am familiar with zonal languages that attempt to smooth out and simplify the differences between languages within a family, such as Slovio for the Slavic languages and Folkspraak for the Germanic ...
4
votes
2answers
51 views

Are there any Conlangs using Chinese characters?

The Chinese character system is one that is universal to many Chinese dialects. Two people can pronounce the same character in two different ways, but when writing to each other it is intelligible. ...
5
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1answer
48 views

Which sounds could a lipless humanoid produce?

In my world, I have a race of humanoids who speak a language called Gé̃kt, which is derived from various Eastern Iranian languages such as Khotanese, Ossetian, Yaghnobi and Bactrian with a dash of ...
9
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5answers
88 views

How does one write an easily decipherable language?

I'm writing a book about humans finding alien writing off-planet, which is why I want to know how—without referencing known human languages like the Rosetta Stone does—it may be deciphered. Does it ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How to translate the word “lost”/“loss” into Klingon?

Say for instance I want to say something like, "I'm looking for bears and the lost sheep." I would think that would be to use the genitive case, making something like: mIl'oDmey chIlpu'ghach ...
3
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1answer
48 views

How do lists of three or more items work in Klingon?

Concerning compound subjects and such, I'm not exactly sure how lists of nouns work exactly, especially with three or more items. How would "bears and metal drums" be distinguished from "bears, metal, ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to naturally evolve verbs into adverbs or dependent clauses?

Currently I have a very simple proto-language which I'm trying to evolve. For example: slishi hu ho shofli shofli pfufi tushi repair person tool fish.V fish.V succeed cause Person ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Valyrian - what living languages does it resemble the most?

I'm interested in knowing what living languages Valyrian from Game of Thrones resembles the most in its grammar and/or vocabulary. I've gathered here some very basic examples of what kind of ...
4
votes
3answers
78 views

What decides where is the break between syllables?

I'm getting started with creating a language and I run into trouble when I started using rules I devised for protolanguage (e.g. only open syllables). However I run into trouble when I tried to apply ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Is this sonority hierarchy correct?

I need to sort these phonemes properly before I get into clusters and making syllables, but I'm not sure I did it right.
2
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2answers
51 views

Constructing a language based on existing languages from different families

I wonder how is it possible to construct a language based on the existing languages. There are Indo-European, Altaic, Semitic, and a small portion of Dravidian and Caucasic languages in my country, ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Are there any constructed languages designed with a constructed script, both aiming to be international and auxiliary?

Hangul is a beautiful constructed script, used to write the natural languages of Korean, Jeju, Hokkien, and Cia-Cia, perhaps others. The shape of the letters mimic the shape of the mouth, and a ...
4
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1answer
95 views

IPA for Voiced Velopharyngeal Stop?

A conlang I am working on contains the nasal syllabic consonants [m̩] and [n̩] fairly frequently. It seems like it would be a natural step for the language to develop what I would call a voiced ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Is there a toki pona hieroglyphics font?

For the toki pona language there is a writing system where each word is replaced by a single logogram or hieroglyph. There is also a web-based converter which allows you to enter a text in toki pona ...
5
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1answer
47 views

Has anyone analysed the invented languages in the Earthsea books?

Ursula K Le Guin's Earthsea stories contain vocabulary and utterances from three invented languages. The first step to fleshing these out into fully developed conlangs would be to list all the ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

what kinds of vocal sounds echo less?

Please bear with me as I elaborate. I'm looking to create a language for humanoids that live in a set of cave systems and tunnels. While their language may have been 'born' on the surface, they have ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Creating Fictional Slavic Place Names

I have a very simple question regarding a small problem I cannot find a single satisfying answer to. I am trying to create a country with a prominent Slavic culture. In my story, an alien world has ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Can you use possessive indicators on pronouns that already have a possessive version of itself in Dovahzul?

In Dovahzul, you can show possession by using se, do, ro, or dro. However, the pronouns already have possessive versions of themselves (e.g. You goes to Your). Would something like hisedok/hi do dok ...
5
votes
1answer
61 views

Is latino sine flexione dead?

Latino sine flexione is a variant of Latin created by Peano in 1903. As far as I know it was used in scientific literature but since forgotten. I found this site and a few discussions on Duolingo but ...
8
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6answers
128 views

How to describe a purely symbolic writing system?

Before I jump headlong into constructing a language, I'd like to do some research and see what others have done before me and learn from their experiences/mistakes. The keywords I'm currently using ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

By what means might the roots “let” and “ly” mean the same thing in a naturalistic conlang?

I apologize for how this question may be perceived. I am casually learning linguistics with no curriculum. I can understand that this question may have many possible answers, but I am not quite sure ...
5
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0answers
36 views

How to reanalyse collectives in High Valyrian?

Note: For the purposes of this question, please do not assume that the Tongues of Ice and Fire Wiki is correct1 unless it references somewhere else. The High Valyrian [grammatical] number page of the ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Structure only conlang? Nouns?

Are there examples of conlangs that are used by applying their structure such as grammar, sentence structure, intonation, means of combining words, etc… with other features of a given language or ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Can Root Words Be Derived From Other Root Words

If I said "I" was "Zha" would it be plausible to say "you" is "Zho" and from there naturally begin forming grammatical gender, or would that be too early in the language to add complexities? Also, ...
6
votes
1answer
52 views

Term for the converse of “instrumental”

We can make a noun for the instrument of an action, by taking the verb for the action and adding an instrumental marker.[1] For instance, in English, we can add "-er",[2] like so: I cut the box ...
4
votes
4answers
145 views

How many unique sounds does the average conlang have?

At the moment I have 90 unique vowel/diphthong sounds that use tonal and length distinction in my conlang. In addition I've chosen 14 consonants, making my total of unique sounds 104. I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Does The Syntax Construction Kit cover any new material that isn't in the other conlanging books I've read?

I've got most of Mark Rosenfelder's books on conlanging except The Syntax Construction Kit (which I'm not sure I need). The conlang I'm currently working on is a 'holy musical magic language' called ...
7
votes
4answers
137 views

Sciences in toki pona

I managed to translate a lot of things but I'm stuck on a word. How to say "physics" (knowledge of the nature) in toki pona? A proposition for "nature" would also be appreciated. linguistics: sona ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Good cultures to base a robotic language off of [closed]

I've created a race of nomadic robots, but am having trouble finding a culture to base their language off of. They're peripatetic nomads, meaning they travel around offering goods and services to any ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

Would these features be naturalistic in this scenario?

Background I am planning a naturalistic Goidelic language which shall have quite an influence from Old Norse – probably at least 1/4 or 1/3 of the vocabulary to be of North Germanic origin, as well ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Language with nominal TAM and no verbs: Ergative or tripartite?

I'm working on a language with nominal tense–aspect–mood (TAM), i.e. inflecting nouns instead of verbs. So, a sentence like "the woman sees the man", could be roughly translated to something like "the ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Conlangs based on Proto-Indo-European (PIE)?

Have there been any attempts to create a language based on Proto-Indo-European (PIE)? Of course PIE has had an effect on other languages, and through them ended up in many a posteriori conlangs as ...
7
votes
2answers
77 views

Are Interslavic and Neoslavonic the same conlang?

I read that Interslavic and Neoslavonic merged into a single language. All three projects collaborated closely with each other from that time, and in 2011 Medžuslovjanski („Interslavic”) was chosen ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

How to develop a detailed, realistic a posteriori conlang?

Background To begin, I’ve been conlanging ‘properly’ for around two to two and a half years now and have been into it for far, far longer. However, I have yet to create a conlang that is truly in-...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Is Slovio effective as an international language? [duplicate]

I know that Slovio is not very popular but if I write or speak in this language, will I be understood by Russian or Ukrainian as their website says? If someone has experience to share, it helps me to ...
3
votes
3answers
77 views

What are some strategies for setting verbs apart from other words without knowing it's a verb

In languages with conjugated verbs there is usually a similar structure across verbs that makes them easy to recognize even if you do not know the word. For example in German, all verbs after the ...
4
votes
4answers
109 views

What symbols should I use for phonemes when I have many vowels?

Most conlang examples I find in tutorials use a small set of vowels, but the one I'm working on has 13 and I'm having trouble finding the simplest transliteration to work with. Here are the IPA ...
10
votes
3answers
151 views

What verbs should be irregular in a naturalistic conlang?

I've read that the most commonly used verbs in a language are almost always irregular, and for the most part the irregular forms of verbs can be traced to an archaic form being preserved in the ...
5
votes
3answers
154 views

Famous a priori auxilary languages?

Most auxiliary languages I know of, especially Esperanto, are primarily a posteriori—that is, their vocabulary or grammar are derived from other existing languages, and most are fairly Eurocentric. ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

Is Basic English a well-defined constructed language?

Wikipedia says that Basic English is an English-based controlled language, an international auxiliary language, and an aid for teaching English as a second language. Basic English is, in essence, a ...
10
votes
7answers
177 views

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

Subjective idealism is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material ...
2
votes
4answers
189 views

What is the meaning of this Toki Pona sentence?

I found a sentence written in order to prove that Toki Pona is a complete language. As far as I know it is a foolish nominal sentence. What is the English translation? pona sona pi (wawa pi ma ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Did a majority of followers of Ido indeed switch over to Occidental?

The Wikipedia article on Occidental/Interlingue says: According to the Occidental magazine Cosmoglotta in 1928, a majority of Ido adherents took up Occidental in place of Ido. Obviously, ...
4
votes
3answers
197 views

Do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?

In order for me to ask a higher quality question, I need to know, do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?

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