All Questions

0
votes
1answer
17 views

Can Root Words Be Derived From Other Root Words

If I said "I" was "Zha" would it be plausible to say "you" is "Zho" and from there naturally begin forming grammatical gender, or would that be too early in the language to add complexities? Also, ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

Term for the converse of “instrumental”

We can make a noun for the instrument of an action, by taking the verb for the action and adding an instrumental marker.[1] For instance, in English, we can add "-er",[2] like so: I cut the box ...
4
votes
4answers
77 views

How many unique sounds does the average conlang have?

At the moment I have 90 unique vowel/diphthong sounds that use tonal and length distinction in my conlang. In addition I've chosen 14 consonants, making my total of unique sounds 104. I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Does The Syntax Construction Kit cover any new material that isn't in the other conlanging books I've read?

I've got most of Mark Rosenfelder's books on conlanging except The Syntax Construction Kit (which I'm not sure I need). The conlang I'm currently working on is a 'holy musical magic language' called ...
6
votes
3answers
79 views

Sciences in toki pona

I managed to translate a lot of things but I'm stuck on a word. How to say "physics" (knowledge of the nature) in toki pona? A proposition for "nature" would also be appreciated. linguistics: sona ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Good cultures to base a robotic language off of

I've created a race of nomadic robots, but am having trouble finding a culture to base their language off of. They're peripatetic nomads, meaning they travel around offering goods and services to any ...
7
votes
1answer
72 views

Would these features be naturalistic in this scenario?

Background I am planning a naturalistic Goidelic language which shall have quite an influence from Old Norse – probably at least 1/4 or 1/3 of the vocabulary to be of North Germanic origin, as well ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Language with nominal TAM and no verbs: Ergative or tripartite?

I'm working on a language with nominal tense–aspect–mood (TAM), i.e. inflecting nouns instead of verbs. So, a sentence like "the woman sees the man", could be roughly translated to something like "the ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Conlangs based on Proto-Indo-European (PIE)?

Have there been any attempts to create a language based on Proto-Indo-European (PIE)? Of course PIE has had an effect on other languages, and through them ended up in many a posteriori conlangs as ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

Are Interslavic and Neoslavonic the same conlang?

I read that Interslavic and Neoslavonic merged into a single language. All three projects collaborated closely with each other from that time, and in 2011 Medžuslovjanski („Interslavic”) was chosen ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

How to develop a detailed, realistic a posteriori conlang?

Background To begin, I’ve been conlanging ‘properly’ for around two to two and a half years now and have been into it for far, far longer. However, I have yet to create a conlang that is truly in-...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Is Slovio effective as an international language? [duplicate]

I know that Slovio is not very popular but if I write or speak in this language, will I be understood by Russian or Ukrainian as their website says? If someone has experience to share, it helps me to ...
3
votes
3answers
71 views

What are some strategies for setting verbs apart from other words without knowing it's a verb

In languages with conjugated verbs there is usually a similar structure across verbs that makes them easy to recognize even if you do not know the word. For example in German, all verbs after the ...
4
votes
3answers
62 views

What symbols should I use for phonemes when I have many vowels?

Most conlang examples I find in tutorials use a small set of vowels, but the one I'm working on has 13 and I'm having trouble finding the simplest transliteration to work with. Here are the IPA ...
9
votes
3answers
129 views

What verbs should be irregular in a naturalistic conlang?

I've read that the most commonly used verbs in a language are almost always irregular, and for the most part the irregular forms of verbs can be traced to an archaic form being preserved in the ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

Famous a priori auxilary languages?

Most auxiliary languages I know of, especially Esperanto, are primarily a posteriori—that is, their vocabulary or grammar are derived from other existing languages, and most are fairly Eurocentric. ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Is Basic English a well-defined constructed language?

Wikipedia says that Basic English is an English-based controlled language, an international auxiliary language, and an aid for teaching English as a second language. Basic English is, in essence, a ...
10
votes
7answers
158 views

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

Subjective idealism is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

What is the meaning of this Toki Pona sentence?

I found a sentence written in order to prove that Toki Pona is a complete language. As far as I know it is a foolish nominal sentence. What is the English translation? pona sona pi (wawa pi ma ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Did a majority of followers of Ido indeed switch over to Occidental?

The Wikipedia article on Occidental/Interlingue says: According to the Occidental magazine Cosmoglotta in 1928, a majority of Ido adherents took up Occidental in place of Ido. Obviously, ...
4
votes
3answers
172 views

Do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?

In order for me to ask a higher quality question, I need to know, do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?
4
votes
1answer
128 views

How do you call a “stillborn language”?

And by "stillborn", I mean a dead language that never really lived to begin with: a modernized version of an archaic language frozen in time, or an all-out archaic language (with archaic grammar and ...
9
votes
3answers
171 views

Constructed languages or dialects for Time travellers

Time travel is a standard trope in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Since time travel disrupts the normal perception of time time travellers may develop some linguistic means to deal with this situation. ...
11
votes
1answer
231 views

Are there constructed languages with a tense system inspired by Theory of Relativity?

For readers who aren't familiar with the Theory of Relativity, here is a sketch of how the Special Theory of Relativity structures space and time: There is a point "here and now" where the observer ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Is there some more detailed information about Dritok available?

Dritok is a conlang by Dan Boozer without any voiced sounds. It is said to be based on chipmunk sounds. While this language even has a wikipedia article, I was not able to discover some more detailed ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

A Hypothetical Mediterranean Language Inspired by Both Greek and Latin

Here is the scenario: In or before the Classical Period, a king from some Greek city-state--it doesn't matter which--first brought all the other Greek city-states together to become one unified ...
7
votes
2answers
89 views

How do you model language changes with wave theory (areal developments)?

I'd like to hear from anyone who has built a dialect continuum, in which innovations spreading from different centres affect overlapping subsets of the range (see wave theory). How do you model it? ...
4
votes
3answers
117 views

How would one describe different tones on paper?

In my new language, I use tones, such as those in Mandarin and Cantonese, to diversify my words. When I try to make a dictionary, I do not know how to describe these tones. I have tried using parts ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

How is ANADEW pronounced?

How is the acronym ANADEW pronounced among conlang enthusiasts. I have seen it only in print so far and I want to know whether the letters are spelled out or whether it is pronounced as if it were an ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

How can I explain the origin of the dual number in my Slavic-influenced East Nordic conlang?

The language I am creating is derived from East Norse and heavily influenced by Slavic. It has a quite complex grammatical structure - for example, it has not only taken over the two additional cases ...
7
votes
1answer
145 views

What is the meaning of ANADEW?

The acronym ANADEW is quite popular among conlang enthusiats, but what does it mean? For an answer, I'd like to see not only an expansion of the acronym, but also some good usage examples.
8
votes
0answers
48 views

Is there any evidence that learning a zonal Slavic conlang can help conversing with native speakers of Slavic languages

The relatively high degree of mutual intercomprehensibility of the Slavic languages has fascinated a lot of people for a long time. It was also a motivation in the design of zonal constructed ...
11
votes
4answers
332 views

Are there any “unspeakable” languages?

Sorry, my title is slightly misleading; what I'm after is more like a written language that doesn't have its roots in spoken language, and has no definitive translation into speech, but is none-the-...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

What's the purpose of vowels and consonants?

Other than making words easier to pronounce, is there any purpose to having the letters divided like this? Should they or a similar concept be added to a constructed language?
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Organizing a lexicon in a logographic writing system

A little background before my question: I am an amateur in mid-development of a logographic writing system, not necessarily a whole language with phonetics. As I develop, I don't so much care about ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

Is there a specific term for a substitution cipher language?

A really simple but effective method to create an unintelligble language from a given language is applying a substitution cipher to the vocabulary. In order to be pronouncable, vowels should be ...
5
votes
2answers
87 views

Are there human beatbox inspired conlangs?

Human beatbox is an art form producing percussion sounds with the mouth only. It uses techniques and sounds that are rare or entirely absent in natural languages. Are the constructed languages that ...
4
votes
3answers
71 views

Should Auxlangs have metaphors?

Auxlangs are meant to be easily learnt/understood by the entire populace of the world, no matter their native language. So, they are constructed to be unambiguous and it's reference should have a one-...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

How many active Klingon speakers are there?

I am well-aware of the fact that some people use Klingon in conversions at special conventions and events. Is there an estimate about the number of Klingon speakers and how many of them are there?
7
votes
1answer
129 views

Grammatical cases occurring only in conlangs

What are examples of grammatical cases that are not attested in natural languages, but occur in some conlang? To qualify here, the conlang should have at least some bit of flesh (e.g., a few ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Why are compound words in Volapuk hard to parse while compound words in Esperanto are not?

Of all the criticisms you see of Volapuk, one the most pervasive is that it can be difficult to parse some of the longer compound words. Which is pretty obvious. With all words being CVCVCVCV... and ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Is Toki Pona a fast language?

There are well-known and notable differences in speed for natural languages: While a fast language like Spanish is spoken at a speed of about 6–7 syllables per second, a slow language like German, ...
8
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there any easy way to find out how multiple unrelated languages express the same concept?

As any linguist (and anyone who knows unrelated languages, probably), not all languages express things the same way. Worse yet, its not possible to express everything logically, so all languages are ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

In what ways are grammatical genders useful?

In a previous question about making a language easy to learn as a second language I suggested that grammatical genders have very little usefulness. A couple of people, however, suggested that ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

How to conjugate “fhtagn” in R'lyehian?

The accepted translation of Lovecraft's "Cthulhu fhtagn" seems to be "Cthulhu dreams". How would one conjugate "fhtagn" to get the word derivations "dream", "dreamer", "dreaming". This answer had a ...
7
votes
2answers
65 views

What are some real world data on the numbers of speakers of constructed languages?

What are some real world data (e.g., from census data, membership data, visitors of conlang related events, other estimates) on active speakers of constructed languages?
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Adding entire musical concepts to expand vocabulary

I want my language, Syn, to be as precise, efficient, unambiguous, and aesthetic as humanely possible. To do that, I think even the texture, dynamics, rhythm, and the likes should be accounted for. ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

What are the reasons behind ROILA's phonology?

ROILA (RObot Interaction LAnguage), a constructed language for communication between robots and between robots and humans, comes with a 5 vowel system. the vowels are written a e i o u but their sound ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What language uses the most amount of phonemes?

I'm constructing an auxlang/artlang (temporarily named Syn). The Syn is (being) designed to interface with any known human language, with a wildly uniform set of simplistic, unambiguous symbols. I ...
7
votes
1answer
160 views

Is Glosa more than just a relex of English?

Looking for information on the International Auxiliary languages Interglossa and Glosa again, I stumbled over these sample texts in Glosa. I am astonished, how slavishly Glosa copies the English ...

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