All Questions

0
votes
0answers
47 views

Constructing a language that no locale will support [on hold]

As we know, computer operating systems rely on locales to support internationalization. Is it possible that the way locale systems designed cannot support some language? For example, a ...
5
votes
2answers
50 views

What verbs should be irregular in a naturalistic conlang?

I've read that the most commonly used verbs in a language are almost always irregular, and for the most part the irregular forms of verbs can be traced to an archaic form being preserved in the ...
5
votes
4answers
77 views

Famous a priori auxilary languages?

Most auxiliary languages I know of, especially Esperanto, are primarily a posteriori—that is, their vocabulary or grammar are derived from other existing languages, and most are fairly Eurocentric. ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Is Basic English a well-defined constructed language?

Wikipedia says that Basic English is an English-based controlled language, an international auxiliary language, and an aid for teaching English as a second language. Basic English is, in essence, a ...
8
votes
6answers
126 views

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

Subjective idealism is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the meaning of this Toki Pona sentence?

I found a sentence written in order to prove that Toki Pona is a complete language. As far as I know it is a foolish nominal sentence. What is the English translation? pona sona pi (wawa pi ma ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Did a majority of followers of Ido indeed switch over to Occidental?

The Wikipedia article on Occidental/Interlingue says: According to the Occidental magazine Cosmoglotta in 1928, a majority of Ido adherents took up Occidental in place of Ido. Obviously, ...
4
votes
3answers
152 views

Do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?

In order for me to ask a higher quality question, I need to know, do constructed languages need to have their own letters, words, & sounds?
4
votes
1answer
113 views

How do you call a “stillborn language”?

And by "stillborn", I mean a dead language that never really lived to begin with: a modernized version of an archaic language frozen in time, or an all-out archaic language (with archaic grammar and ...
9
votes
3answers
158 views

Constructed languages or dialects for Time travellers

Time travel is a standard trope in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Since time travel disrupts the normal perception of time time travellers may develop some linguistic means to deal with this situation. ...
7
votes
0answers
146 views

Are there constructed languages with a tense system inspired by Theory of Relativity?

For readers who aren't familiar with the Theory of Relativity, here is a sketch of how the Special Theory of Relativity structures space and time: There is a point "here and now" where the observer ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is there some more detailed information about Dritok available?

Dritok is a conlang by Dan Boozer without any voiced sounds. It is said to be based on chipmunk sounds. While this language even has a wikipedia article, I was not able to discover some more detailed ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

A Hypothetical Mediterranean Language Inspired by Both Greek and Latin

Here is the scenario: In or before the Classical Period, a king from some Greek city-state--it doesn't matter which--first brought all the other Greek city-states together to become one unified ...
7
votes
2answers
77 views

How do you model language changes with wave theory (areal developments)?

I'd like to hear from anyone who has built a dialect continuum, in which innovations spreading from different centres affect overlapping subsets of the range (see wave theory). How do you model it? ...
4
votes
3answers
108 views

How would one describe different tones on paper?

In my new language, I use tones, such as those in Mandarin and Cantonese, to diversify my words. When I try to make a dictionary, I do not know how to describe these tones. I have tried using parts ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

How is ANADEW pronounced?

How is the acronym ANADEW pronounced among conlang enthusiasts. I have seen it only in print so far and I want to know whether the letters are spelled out or whether it is pronounced as if it were an ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

How can I explain the origin of the dual number in my Slavic-influenced East Nordic conlang?

The language I am creating is derived from East Norse and heavily influenced by Slavic. It has a quite complex grammatical structure - for example, it has not only taken over the two additional cases ...
7
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the meaning of ANADEW?

The acronym ANADEW is quite popular among conlang enthusiats, but what does it mean? For an answer, I'd like to see not only an expansion of the acronym, but also some good usage examples.
4
votes
0answers
17 views

Is there any evidence that learning a zonal Slavic conlang can help conversing with native speakers of Slavic languages

The relatively high degree of mutual intercomprehensibility of the Slavic languages has fascinated a lot of people for a long time. It was also a motivation in the design of zonal constructed ...
9
votes
3answers
238 views

Are there any “unspeakable” languages?

Sorry, my title is slightly misleading; what I'm after is more like a written language that doesn't have its roots in spoken language, and has no definitive translation into speech, but is none-the-...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

What's the purpose of vowels and consonants?

Other than making words easier to pronounce, is there any purpose to having the letters divided like this? Should they or a similar concept be added to a constructed language?
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Organizing a lexicon in a logographic writing system

A little background before my question: I am an amateur in mid-development of a logographic writing system, not necessarily a whole language with phonetics. As I develop, I don't so much care about ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

Is there a specific term for a substitution cipher language?

A really simple but effective method to create an unintelligble language from a given language is applying a substitution cipher to the vocabulary. In order to be pronouncable, vowels should be ...
5
votes
2answers
77 views

Are there human beatbox inspired conlangs?

Human beatbox is an art form producing percussion sounds with the mouth only. It uses techniques and sounds that are rare or entirely absent in natural languages. Are the constructed languages that ...
4
votes
3answers
69 views

Should Auxlangs have metaphors?

Auxlangs are meant to be easily learnt/understood by the entire populace of the world, no matter their native language. So, they are constructed to be unambiguous and it's reference should have a one-...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

How many active Klingon speakers are there?

I am well-aware of the fact that some people use Klingon in conversions at special conventions and events. Is there an estimate about the number of Klingon speakers and how many of them are there?
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Grammatical cases occurring only in conlangs

What are examples of grammatical cases that are not attested in natural languages, but occur in some conlang? To qualify here, the conlang should have at least some bit of flesh (e.g., a few ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Why are compound words in Volapuk hard to parse while compound words in Esperanto are not?

Of all the criticisms you see of Volapuk, one the most pervasive is that it can be difficult to parse some of the longer compound words. Which is pretty obvious. With all words being CVCVCVCV... and ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Is Toki Pona a fast language?

There are well-known and notable differences in speed for natural languages: While a fast language like Spanish is spoken at a speed of about 6–7 syllables per second, a slow language like German, ...
8
votes
1answer
63 views

Is there any easy way to find out how multiple unrelated languages express the same concept?

As any linguist (and anyone who knows unrelated languages, probably), not all languages express things the same way. Worse yet, its not possible to express everything logically, so all languages are ...
7
votes
2answers
116 views

In what ways are grammatical genders useful?

In a previous question about making a language easy to learn as a second language I suggested that grammatical genders have very little usefulness. A couple of people, however, suggested that ...
8
votes
1answer
118 views

How to conjugate “fhtagn” in R'lyehian?

The accepted translation of Lovecraft's "Cthulhu fhtagn" seems to be "Cthulhu dreams". How would one conjugate "fhtagn" to get the word derivations "dream", "dreamer", "dreaming". This answer had a ...
7
votes
2answers
63 views

What are some real world data on the numbers of speakers of constructed languages?

What are some real world data (e.g., from census data, membership data, visitors of conlang related events, other estimates) on active speakers of constructed languages?
4
votes
2answers
93 views

Adding entire musical concepts to expand vocabulary

I want my language, Syn, to be as precise, efficient, unambiguous, and aesthetic as humanely possible. To do that, I think even the texture, dynamics, rhythm, and the likes should be accounted for. ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

What are the reasons behind ROILA's phonology?

ROILA (RObot Interaction LAnguage), a constructed language for communication between robots and between robots and humans, comes with a 5 vowel system. the vowels are written a e i o u but their sound ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

What language uses the most amount of phonemes?

I'm constructing an auxlang/artlang (temporarily named Syn). The Syn is (being) designed to interface with any known human language, with a wildly uniform set of simplistic, unambiguous symbols. I ...
7
votes
1answer
144 views

Is Glosa more than just a relex of English?

Looking for information on the International Auxiliary languages Interglossa and Glosa again, I stumbled over these sample texts in Glosa. I am astonished, how slavishly Glosa copies the English ...
5
votes
3answers
138 views

What features make a language easier to learn for people learning it as a second language?

This question is different than the previous one titled “Which features make a language easier to learn?” in that I'm not interested in making it easy for L1 learners. For them learning the language ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Slang in Esperanto

Esperanto has a literature (both original and translated) including criminal stories. Criminals are often portrayed as speaking some slang, so my question is: How does criminal slang looks like in ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

What are the places where I can attach an indication of tense in relation to a conjugated verb action?

Info My conlang uses verb conjugations only in the present tense. To indicate other tenses (preterite/past imperfect/subjunctive/future/etc) I use the combined phrase "sona," meaning "in (the) time (...
7
votes
3answers
157 views

What reasons would there be for not having a human conlang with only vowels?

All natlangs have both consonants and vowels, but it's not immediately obvious why a human language couldn't be made from only vowels. Has anyone theorised about why natlangs always have consonants? ...
5
votes
2answers
67 views

21st century International Auxiliary Languages

What are examples of International Auxiliary Languages (IALs) created and promoted in the 21st century? I am aware that many people think that Esperanto and Interlingua are in some sense "the last ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

Designing a mildly weird phonology

I want to design a mildly weird phonology with the following features Not particularly difficult to pronounce for speakers of average European languages Feeling somewhat unnatural or weird The ...
6
votes
2answers
70 views

Examples of the combination of 2 independent symbolic scripts

I am looking for examples real or con, of two foreign symbolic scripts being made into a hybrid language/script. In my case I wish to see about making a hybrid 15th century Aztec-Chinese Hybrid ...
5
votes
3answers
115 views

Conlang where the initial consonants of words have meaning?

A lot of languages, both natural and constructed, mark things like part of speech, gender/noun class, tense, and what not with suffixes. But what about prefixes? I think that would make more sense ...
6
votes
3answers
105 views

What are sounds that I have to include in my phonology for it to be naturalistic?

Additionally, are there any such things as hierarchies, where if I want to include one sound, I should also include another?
12
votes
2answers
133 views

Which IPA phones can be made and understood underwater?

I have a human culture that gradually develops an underwater civilisation. They still require mouth and nose breathing and will be living in air bubbles, retaining traditional phones. They do spend a ...
4
votes
4answers
166 views

I'm constructing a language with some rather hard-to-produce symbols. Computer or paper?

My constructed language has 26 English letters and 30 special characters (plus four different accent marks.) The characters are slightly abstract. The closest I've gotten to producing them is with ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

How to link extraterrestrial animal names from other language with terrestrial languages? [closed]

As title states; how to name extraterrestrial fauna/flora to human languages, would reffering to animals similar to cows as to cows and to plant that bears round red fruits as to apple be linguisticly ...
4
votes
3answers
145 views

Is there any importance of “dots” while constructing alphabets for a language?

In English, there is a little dot over small letters of i and j. I am not sure what that dot signifies to - pronunciation or sound. In Gujarati, Hindi and Sanskrit languages, there happens to be dot ...

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