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13 views

How to distinguish [i] from [iː] in Cyrillic

Renglish/Рэнглиш (not mine) is an adaptation of Cyrillic for English. Most of the sounds seem ok, but how would you normally differentiate [i] in bit from the [iː] in beet using Cyrillic or would they ...
3
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1answer
23 views

What are resources for conlangers designing a knot writing?

I have not encountered many con-scripts encoding information in knots, rather than by marking flat media. I imagine that many conlangers would enjoy the inspiration of Andean khipus, which, going back ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

How can I format a dictionary that mixes vertical and horizontal scripts?

My conlang Atili is written in a vertical script. I'm having a hard time trying to imagine how to write out words in the Atili script within my dictionary. This is important because Atili spelling is ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Words for numbers in a language with bijective numeration

Bijective base-k numeration (or k-adic numeration) is a system of writing numerals such that the digits are 1 through k. Thus counting in bijective base-12 (such as my conlang Atili has) works as ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

How can I avoid “relexing” punctuation?

I'm trying to design a conscript for my conlang Atili and would like to create punctuation in order to deliminate sentences and transcribe limited prosody. However, I don't just want to create new ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

What is a realistic *upper bound* on the complexity of nominals that can be incorporated into a verb?

Some languages feature noun incorporation. Here's an example from Lahkota from the Wikipedia article on incorporation. I suspect the difference in meaning is similar to the man chopped the wood vs the ...
5
votes
1answer
30 views

Naming language based on real language

I apologize if similar question has already been answered, I tried to look for it but didn't find anything. I'm trying to make a simple naming language that looks/sounds vaguely like nahuatl (if I ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

What things can `la` mark in Toki Pona?

I was under the impression, until recently, the la in Toki Pona is a topic marker of sorts similar to the Japanese topic marker wa but used less frequently since Toki Pona is not topic-prominent. In ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Words for Mercy in Toki Pona?

I would like to translate Bismillah Ir-Rahmani Ir-Rahim into Toki Pona. The parts I'm struggling with are the Rahma part, and the Raheem part, as they encompass similar but subtly different meanings ...
2
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1answer
47 views

What to do when my conlang has a word that means something in one of my languages?

This is a bit subjective problem. As a Hungarian who knows English, I have the high ground when it comes to making up words, as I can mush the English and Hungarian words together with some outliers (...
1
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0answers
17 views

How much ambiguity for argument roles is possible without sacrificing comprehensibility?

For the purposes of this question, I'm specifically interested in marking theta-roles of verb arguments and possessive constructs, i.e. the things prototypically marked by case in languages that have ...
2
votes
4answers
73 views

How can I talk about weather without expletives?

In English, it is necessary to use a syntactic expletive ("it") when talking about weather: It is sun-ny. EXPL COP.3S sun-ADJ Pro-drop languages can easily avoid the explicit expletive by ...
4
votes
3answers
576 views

How can I name my days of the week?

In my conworld, months are divided into twelve-day weeks. That seems a bit too long (since I recall that people complained that the ten-day weeks of the French Republican calendar were too long), so I'...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

How to say, 'Haters gonna Hate' in Toki Pona

The closest I could find was jan ike | awen pali e ona | pilin ike tawa enemy | continue | hate But I've not figured out if that the right way to combine those phrases
8
votes
2answers
31 views

How long do I need to influence language development?

Taja is a language with Verb-Subject-Object word order. However, emperor Kai wants to always be the first, so, he wants all sentences where he is the subject to have a Subject-Verb-Object word order. ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

How to make names in a conlang?

So, draconic in the setting is used to name places, people, and communication in general. I skipped through most of the phonotactics as I'm using the Hungarian template. So as I filled out entries in ...
6
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4answers
94 views

Is there an open-source set of topics and vocabulary for making a language tutorial?

Does anyone provide a freely available or licensable template that conlangers can use to develop a lesson plan? Specifically, I'm thinking about how a lot of language books divide vocabulary and ...
7
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3answers
86 views

Usage of different plural systems in the same language

Let's assume a language once had an extensive plural system, indicating singular/dual/paucal/plural distinctions on nouns, pronouns, verbs, et cetera. Over time, as has happened in real languages, ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

What is reduplication used for in natural languages?

According to WALS Feature 27A, 278/368 languages surveyed have productive full and partial reduplication. Chapter 27 gives the following example of partial reduplication in Pangasinan: báley "town" -&...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Should I include morphology in my proto language?

Most, if not all natural languages have some form of morphology, such as noun case or poly-personal agreement. However, these features are usually evolved from prepositions and auxiliary verbs, and ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

Is there a structured toki pona dictionary/thesaurus?

I'm currently working on an NLP project using toki pona, analysing and generating sentences. I was wondering if there was a structured dictionary available for it, or whether people have attempted to ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

How typologically unusual is using postpositions in an otherwise head-initial language?

My conlang is predominately head-initial (SVO, n-adj, mostly suffixing), but has postpositions because I'd though that the noun was the head of an adpositional phrase. Wikipedia, however, says that ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Is it reasonable for numerals to behave like verbs?

I am aware that adjectives can pattern like verbs in some natural languages. Is it reasonable for numerals to do the same? Thus Some balls four. There are four balls. Fouring the balls were orange. ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Is num-det-n-adj-rel a reasonable order for a noun phrase?

In English, noun phrases are det-num-adj-n-rel (e.g. "The five orange balls that John saw"). In Spanish, noun phrases are (mostly) det-num-n-adj-rel (e.g. "Las cinco pelotas naranjas las que Juan vió,"...
2
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4answers
95 views

Has AI technology yet provide a language composed of multiple human languages yet?

I'm from South Florida and noticed that my Haitian neighbors speak a language called Creole. Then It got my fantasizing a possibility that is well within our reach of no more than a decade. Using AI ...
3
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0answers
33 views

Naturalness and Intuitiveness of marking tense and aspect in the negative but not affirmative

I'm wondering about the naturalness and intuitiveness of marking tense in negative clauses but not affirmative ones. I'm also wondering whether a language with this hypothetical feature would be ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Official resource on simlish language

I know that Simlish language is not fully created. It is just a list of words and sentences. Where can I find the full list (official source)? P.S I wanna create this language as fully created ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Name of a group of languages with has “less is more” property

Is there a name of a group of languages that try to remove instead of adding things? Examples: Newspeak: reduces words (e.g. bad will be ungood (prefix "un" meaning not), eliminate expression that ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Strategies for marking boundaries between potentially discontinuous top-level clauses

What are some strategies for making boundaries between top-level clauses obvious? I think the most straightforward strategy is some kind of collection of sentence-final particles, but I'm curious ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Four vowels, with no /i/ sound. Is it possible?

My vowel phonemic inventory would be just /a/, /e/, /o/ and /u/ with no /i/ sound. Is this possible or not?
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Dealing with core argument loss from syntactic applicativization

If a language limits its relative clause heads to core arguments of a verb such that item 1 below is ungrammatical, it may become necessary within discourse to use an applicative to promote an ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

I'm creating a constructed language. Does this type of conlang exist?

Is there a type of conlang which tries to combine and simplify French and English? (Few word examples) I- Mi You- Vu We- Nu This- Di That- Do Who- Ve What- Ku No- No Note:- This language is not ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

If 'Amlonde' were a word in Sindarin or Quenya, what would it mean?

I learned that in the real world Amlonde is a given name of South African origin (I cannot be more precise on linguistic background or meaning). But the word looks suspiciously like a word from ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

Implications of secundative alignment

There are two different ways to handle ditransitive verbs like "give." For the purposes of this post, in the sentence "John gave Bill the ball," John is the donor (D), Bill is the recipient (R), and ...
5
votes
4answers
114 views

How to choose a writing system for a conlang?

When one creates a conlang, it notionally has its own writing system (although in many cases actually working out the writing system is ignored, and everything is simply done in transliteration). If ...
2
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0answers
65 views

Has the Assahai'i language ever been created?

I heard that David Peterson thought about creating the Asshai'i language. Did that ever happen?
0
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1answer
76 views

Finnish as if it were English

I am fascinated by Finnish and sound changes. I had an idea for a funny version of Finnish where it has these properties: Orthographic [k] changes to [q]. [Q] is pronounced /ð/ (voiced TH) before e ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Anti-Newspeak, making a language harder

So, the government of Oceania in 1984 creates a new, altered cersion of English to make its people easier to control. What about the opposite? A dictator wants to make his people harder to control, ...
8
votes
3answers
87 views

How can I add irregularities to a morphological paradigm?

So, I'm trying to make something with a naturalistic feel, even though the current phonetic system distinguishes about 38 phonemes... Let's say I'll tackle this later. I have issues with grammar... I ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Should languages ​spoken by two similar races have the same protolanguage, or can they be not related by protolanguage? [closed]

Should languages ​​spoken by two similar races have the same protolanguage, or can they be not related by protolanguage? I guess they should be similar for example in phonetics or in some other ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

what real world language does this look like?

This isn't really about a conlang, it's an alternative orthography but I didn't know where else to ask it. I found an alternative orthography for english called 'EBEO'(Even Better English Orthography)...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

What would be the most accurate character to use to transliterate the 'e' sound in 'bet' to the Arabic alphabet?

I'm trying to transliterate toki pona words containing an 'eh' sound like 'esun', 'en', 'kule', 'ken' & 'seme'. I found an online Kurdish transliteration tool that displays 'esun' ‌as ئه‌سون &...
4
votes
7answers
247 views

How many words should I create in a conlang?

Question 1: How many words are minimal for a naturalistic conlang? (1000, 1500, 3000 or even more) Question 2: How many words do the conlangers usually create?
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there any constructed language that eliminated all fallacies related to how language works?

Is there any constructed language that eliminated all fallacies related to how language works, that made extinct all fallacies that could be made extinct by creating a language from scratch to avoid ...
6
votes
3answers
135 views

Are there any sites you can use to develop an online course for your own conlang?

Creating a conlang is usually only half (or less than half!) of the necessary effort: someone has to be able to learn it, unless you want to keep it as your own private secret code. I use Duolingo to ...
8
votes
3answers
56 views

State-based analogue to distributive case

I am developing conlang that has grammatical cases system for nominals that for each spatial case there is state-based case. In Finnic languages grammatical cases that denote states occur, examples ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Transliterating toki pona to hebrew

What would be the best choice of niqqud to transliterate toki pona vowel sounds using Hebrew? I'm trying to use the niqqud that would be closest to what is normally used in Hebrew. Should 'e' be אֶ or ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What list of words do you use when creating a language? [duplicate]

What word list do you use when creating a language? Is there a conlang word list? P.S I know that this question is kinda subjective, but I think that it will be quite useful for conlangers.
3
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5answers
126 views

Good Real World Languages to Base Proto-Lang Vocabulary

I'm working on a conlang that requires a LOT of work, particularly in the sound changes from proto-lang to the current version. Instead of creating a whole set of words from nothing, I am ...
5
votes
2answers
117 views

Do I need a Dative Case?

My conlang already has Benefactive and Lative cases, does it really need a Dative case? I'm racking my brain to find situations that couldn't be covered by those two and would require a separate ...

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