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3
votes
2answers
11 views

Would a “Common Denominator” phonology be too simple (or even non-existent)?

Many languages have sounds that are very hard to pronounce to certain speakers. For example the french "R" sound is hard for English speakers. What if we have a language that accepts many ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

Creation of Alphabets

If the creation of languages ​​is called language invention what is the creation of writing systems called? I don't think it's called Lettering because when I search for that on the net, I see that ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Considering that my elves are anatomically different from humans, what sorts of phonemes, vowels and consonants could they be capable of speaking?

For years now, I've been building and rebuilding an alternate Earth dense with geography, geology and wildlife. Among them is this world's equivalent of humans, Draculodon silvius, the "elf"...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to showcase a conlang?

How would one go about "Showcasing" a conlang, other than by works of fiction, like Tolkien? I want to have a way to share my language to the world in full, with outlined grammar and ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

What is the minimum number of words needed for a conlang?

What would the minimum number of words needed for a conlang, while still being able to speak with about the same level of information passed as a natural language?
10
votes
6answers
1k views

How should my conlang enable arbitrarily large integers to be said?

Whilst worldbuilding, I decided to make a conlang. It's named Leksah. Leksah is heavily influenced by the programming language Haskell. As such, Leksah has only 3 parts of speech: Literals, which ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

History of world language

If we look at world history—I am speaking a little vaguely, since it is not possible to be completely accurate. The human race began from a single region, as you can see in the bottom image. What ...
5
votes
1answer
25 views

What glyph to pick from alternatives in Kēlen script?

The Kēlen alphabet as given on https://www.terjemar.net/kelen/writing.php shows variants for some letters. Here is an example: Are there rules on when to pick which form?
6
votes
1answer
30 views

In compound words/suffixed words, does the stress change?

I'm creating a language where the stress is on the third to last syllable and I have a sound change where an unstressed short vowel at the beginning of a word is deleted. (so in 'a.ta.ra. the word vs ...
6
votes
1answer
67 views

Are there conlangs designed to be whispered?

We all know that natural languages can be whispered and we use whispering for several purposes, e.g., to avoid someone unwanted listening, or in order not to disturb a larger audience. But are there ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Has anyone made image based languages?

This is my first visit here. I have been writing machine/computer languages for about 8 years now. I am completely self taught and use my own tools. I have many languages that I have completed that ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

Do we know languages which think about subordinate conjunctions (like 'as,' 'even,' 'while') differently than English does?

for my conlang, I am trying to think of how to do the subordinating conjunction 'as,' 'even,' 'while' (and related: 'even though,' etc.). In the languages that I know well enough to use these words (...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Syllabic restriction/word boundaries set by IPA? Or it is decided by language creator

When creating syllables we basically require an onset, nucleus, and a coda. Now, usually, all language have an onset, and the coda is fairly optional. Before creating a phonetic system, we first ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Naturalness of different universal quantifiers based on the size of the domain you're quantifying over

English has a few determiners and determiner-like things that express universal quantification including all and every. How naturalistic is it to have different sets of quantifiers based on features ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

I am a writer, and am trying to write a language for my story, how should I start as a complete beginner of language? [duplicate]

As a writer, I am trying to write a language so that I can name places more originally, how can I start writing a bare bones language for my story?
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Does My Conlang, After Looking At My Grammar, Meet the Qualifications For a Legitimate IAL? [closed]

At the end of this question I will provide a link to the grammar in question. I have created an Auxlang that I call Ulimi (because ulimi porridge is simple. It's a stupid pun). I have also got a ...
3
votes
7answers
121 views

Maximizing the distinction between affirmative and negative sentences

What are some strategies for making affirmative and negative sentences as distinct as possible? The motivation for this question is an annoying pair of words in English: can and can't. They frequently ...
6
votes
0answers
85 views

Inventing A Plural Form For First And Second Person

I am working on the pronoun system for my conlang. The table below illustrates what I have ended up with so far. I am looking for suggestions on how - if even needed - to implement a plural form that ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

Lemmata in a prefixing language

I'm developing a heavily prefixing language, and I'm trying to work out a lemma/citation form for my verbs. However, nearly all forms of the verb have a prefix. For example, the verb "to go" ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

How many different interjections like 'aha,' 'oh' would you make up for a conlang?

I wonder if other people have thoughts and experience on this topic from the conlanging perspective. Have people with lots of translation experience found the distinction between (for example) 'aha' ...
-5
votes
2answers
143 views

Is Russian a constructed language?

It is regulated directively by authorities even more strictly than programming languages! E.g. During the reform of 1918 they just forbade letter Ъ аnd removed all those letters! In some cases letter ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

How could the future “Kesh” language from the book “Always Coming Home” by Ursula K. Le Guin develop from modern languages?

In the book Always Coming Home, by Ursula K. Le Guin, the author created the future Kesh language and Aiha alphabet. Does anyone with an anthropological or etymological background and experience with ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

Where can I find resources about lingua scinter?

The Lingua scinter is an ideolanguage created in 1931 by Gaetano Viveros. It is the abbreviation for "International scientific lingua based on Latin and Greek". www.europalingua.eu Here is ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

List of segment usage based on how many people use it?

The great Phoible 2.0 has exclusive list of segment usages based on "Languages", but since some languages such as Lak are only used by handful of people, it won't make any sense if I employ ...
6
votes
2answers
289 views

What are some examples of mathematical conlangs?

What are some examples of mathematical conlangs? I'm curious as to if there are any full existing conlangs that allow you to do arithmetic or mathematical manipulations from a conlang perspective. The ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

How do you remove the confusion in a conlang when creating and distinguishing nouns, verbs, adjectives, and particles?

I am trying to implement a conlang and am confused how we as humans are able to distinguish nouns, verbs, adjectives, particles, etc. in a sentence. I get that word order is a factor, as well as the ...
8
votes
1answer
86 views

good naturalistic system for Germanic language?

I hope this isn't too redundant of a question... I was hoping somebody could briefly summarize what general features languages descended from proto-Germanic tend to have? I understand all the ...
3
votes
3answers
240 views

Is there any general rule for constructing a word? Example: “q” or “w” should not end a word, something like this

I am developing 4 conlangs (sparish, old sparish, elvian and barrish (need a new name)) for a story which is used by humans of Spar, Northern Sparian, Elves/Aspian, Barrians of south respectively. I ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Is is okay that most consonant assimilations result in a phone whose dedicated letter doesn't exist?

Whilst worldbuilding, I decided to make a conlang. A lot of consonant assimilations happen in this language. This language is supposed to be spoken by angels. My native language is Korean, btw. Korean ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

Which character is best to use for a schwa? Ь or Ъ?

Cyrillic for English - (Сарилик фоьр Иңглиш) is an adapted Cyrillic orthography to write English using ь as schwa, so 'sofa' would be written 'соьфь'. Does ь make sense as a schwa or is ъ better? The ...
7
votes
3answers
98 views

What tools are there to make this alien language? [duplicate]

Probably already been asked before but here goes. Stevefan has traveled through some sort of trans-dimensional breach made of handwavium to another dimension where the inhabitants don't speak English. ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Strategies for dealing with limited/simple phonologies

What problems arise when creating a language with an extremely simple phonology and what are some good strategies for dealing with them? I'm calling this type of phonology extremely simple for the ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

How do you determine a New Letter's sound?

I'm trying to create a new language, but I need some advice. How do you determine what a new letter sounds like? Is there a pattern, or do I just make it up?
3
votes
3answers
165 views

Will I be able to read texts written in all Romance languages simply by learning Interlingua?

Interlingua's official site claims that speakers of all Romance languages will immediately understand the language on paper when first exposed to it. Is this true? Can I really understand Spanish, ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Has anyone tried learning and speaking Kesh?

The book "Always Coming Home" by Ursula K Le Guin is an anthropological account of the Kesh, a people that "might be going to have lived" in future California. It includes short ...
6
votes
2answers
87 views

Where should I start planning my grammar?

I'm about creating my first conlang grammar, I know a few general characteristics yet I don't truly know where or how I should start to outline it. I only have messy pieces of informations about. From ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Is it attested for noun classifiers to be coopted for directionality?

A noun classifier marks on the verb some information about the form of one of its arguments. For example, Atili has a handful of "stationary" classifiers that produce semantic distinctions: ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Has anybody come up with a “Japanized” version of toki pona?

I saw a post on twitter about creating a "Japanized" version of toki pona. Has anyone done that? toki pona certainly seems to be influenced at least a little bit by Japanese anyway (word ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

Designing realistic pragmatics, particularly with respect to answering questions

Coming up with new kinds of pragmatics is sort of fun, but it's hard to tell when an idea is incompatible with how people work psychologically. For instance, what are the limits or universals around ...
4
votes
4answers
168 views

Alternate direction systems for spatial reference

What are some alternative direction systems besides egocentric direction systems (left, right, &c)? Some natural languages use {north, south, east, west} like Guugu Yimithirr and Tzeltal (Maya) (...
8
votes
3answers
249 views

Are there any successful conlangs using information density as a design goal?

I'm interested in the idea of a conlang which could be used to create extremely information dense statements - such that, for example, a single word could be built up from morphemes to express a ...
6
votes
3answers
147 views

Is Irrealis and Evidentials Compatible?

I and other people are making a collaborative conlang. It features mood/evidentiality contrast. There are 4 moods: Indicative Imperative Optative Conditional There are also 6 evidentials: Direct ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Has anybody created an Arabic inspired shorthand for english?

I'm thinking of a system where all fricatives look similar to each other, all plosives look similar, etc; the same base shape could be used for similar sounds using the dots placed above/below letters ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

How many literatures?

I believe or assume that Volapük, Esperanto, Ido, Interlingua, Interlingue, and Klingon each have at least a few translations of important literature such as the Bible or Hamlet. What other ...
4
votes
2answers
192 views

Is there a language that meets these criteria?

I feel less and less comfortable with the incoherence of natural languages, so I'm looking for a constructed language that suits me. semantically close words must share a common affix (not like ...
8
votes
3answers
214 views

A biphonic language

How could a language evolve such that the vowels are biphonic (like in throat singing)? Note: Biphonicity is when two notes/tones are sung simultaneously. There are languages that are whistled or ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Alternatives to independent verbs for encoding desiderative meaning

English uses an independent verb to encode desiderative meaning, namely want. It normally takes an infinitival complement, although I can take a direct object as well if the subject of the infinitival ...
3
votes
4answers
226 views

Can entire words be silent?

Most people will be familiar with the idea that naturalistic spelling can be tricky. Some examples of natlangs with annoying spelling that come to mind are English ("ough" can be pronounced /...
1
vote
3answers
118 views

How to distinguish [i] from [iː] in Cyrillic

Renglish/Рэнглиш (not mine) is an adaptation of Cyrillic for English. Most of the sounds seem ok, but how would you normally differentiate [i] in bit from the [iː] in beet using Cyrillic or would they ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

What are resources for conlangers designing a knot writing?

I have not encountered many con-scripts encoding information in knots, rather than by marking flat media. I imagine that many conlangers would enjoy the inspiration of Andean khipus, which, going back ...

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