18 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between tense and aspect?

When discussing tense, aspect, and mood, it's important to distinguish a given language's grammatical markers from the abstract concepts being described. Thus, linguists use the words temporal ...
Sparksbet's user avatar
  • 3,431
11 votes
Accepted

Should Auxlangs have metaphors?

Theoretically you can eliminate metaphor, yes, but you are working against human nature itself. Certain metaphors are exceedingly common and embedded in the very grammar of many languages (although ...
Circeus's user avatar
  • 1,572
9 votes

Are there any grammatical aspects which do not have parallels in natural languages?

Well, y'know, ANADEW and all that, but... As far as I know, there is no natural language with a grammaticalized antiperfect aspect--i.e., an aspect where the time of the action is after the reference ...
Logan R. Kearsley's user avatar
7 votes

Is there a practical lower limit to the number of morphemes required in a language?

Outside of Toki Pona, there haven't been any "majorly" successful attempts at making an oligomorphemic language — as far as I know. While derivational and inflectional morphology could be done away ...
Darkgamma's user avatar
  • 1,444
6 votes

Should Auxlangs have metaphors?

Metaphors are based on shared cultural understanding. Here is one often quoted example of a metaphor from Shakespeare's As You Like It: All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 4,133
5 votes

What is the difference between tense and aspect?

The difference is that tense refers to the time an action (or state or phenomenon) happened: I was slim. I am fat. I will be fatter. while aspect refers to the way an action (or state, or phenomenon)...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
5 votes

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

You may be interested in E-Prime. E-Prime is a version of English that excludes all forms of the verb to be, including all conjugations, contractions and archaic forms. This makes many objective ...
魔大农's user avatar
4 votes

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

Basically, your question is misstated. In our own world, languages cannot enforce philosophies. You can be a Hegelian, a Tomist, a Berkelian, or a Marxist, in any given language, from Modern English ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
3 votes

Are there any grammatical aspects which do not have parallels in natural languages?

Morotuncanian has some verbal aspects that I rather doubt appear in natural languages of the primary world. Sedative and Excitative verbal aspects. The former aspect expresses the nature of the ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 3,245
3 votes
Accepted

What languages prefer the shortest sentences?

This question is really difficult to answer, because sentence length is a tricky beast. We usually measure it in words or tokens (which is words + punctuation marks). There are languages that can put ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
  • 11.3k
3 votes
Accepted

How to structure verb phrases (as opposed to noun phrases)?

Verbs like "wake up" and "turn on" are known as phrasal verbs in English, and they have some very interesting syntactic properties. For example, "turn on" (phrasal, ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 4,426
2 votes

Designing realistic pragmatics, particularly with respect to answering questions

Consider the following: "I can't answer that." "I'd rather not say." "I don't understand the question." "It's not that simple." "It depends." All of ...
Logan R. Kearsley's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

How could a conlang enforce subjective idealism in a constructed world

We can have two classes of nouns: souls, and the perceptions and ideas of souls. Ideas nouns must be inflected for who they are being perceived by: you, God, or whoever. This would have the effect of ...
mic's user avatar
  • 156
2 votes
Accepted

Is There an Optimal Order for Addressing Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics?

As already said, this order is logical but each aspect shouldn't be designed independently. For instance, if you want your language to have an agglutinative morphology, its phonology should be thought ...
Erithacus Rubecula's user avatar
2 votes

Constructed language to minimize any interpersonal conflict?

The genre of "logical languages", such as lojban, are designed to eliminate ambiguity as much as possible in every way (structural ambiguity, semantic ambiguity, tonal ambiguity, etc). But ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 4,426
1 vote

How do languages make lemmata from root words?

There are a few different methods, and an actual natural language may use a combination of them. The simplest approach would be to use roots directly, and to require analytic constructions to derive ...
Tristan's user avatar
  • 478
1 vote

Is There an Optimal Order for Addressing Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics?

The way you do this is up to you, essentially -- it's your language. However, it seems logical to follow this order, because you will compose larger units that you use in subsequent stages of your ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 4,133
1 vote

In logical languages, what is the relationship between subset relations and the Axiom of Choice?

My guess: It doesn't. Sketch argumentation: {steci} allows you to talk about choice functions, but it does not guarantee that the thing you are talking about is actually a well-defined choice function,...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
  • 11.3k
1 vote
Accepted

Constructed language to minimize any interpersonal conflict?

I've put some thought into this topic for some of the political elements of my world-building. Let's take Non-Violent Communication for our theory. In short, the idea is that if people can more ...
Vir's user avatar
  • 1,296
1 vote

Should Auxlangs have metaphors?

If an auxlang did not have metaphors, it would soon acquire them if the auxlang in question were used as the world's second language. I doubt that there exists any community of sapient life forms that ...
James Grossmann's user avatar

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