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15 votes
Accepted

How much of Tolkien's "black language" exists?

Am reading through LotR now, and have just finished H, Lost Tales, R, FG, etc. so the memories are still pretty fresh. The Ring verse is the longest bit of Black Speech, followed by Grishnákh's bit ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 3,255
13 votes

Can features in the physical environment meaningfully affect the development of a local language's phonology?

Here is another researcher (Prof. Ian Maddieson) suggesting exactly such correlations: In a presentation on Wednesday at the Acoustical Society of America fall meeting, Maddieson showed that ...
Helmar's user avatar
  • 585
13 votes

Can features in the physical environment meaningfully affect the development of a local language's phonology?

There has also been evidence that suggests that ejectives tend to occur more frequently in areas of higher elevation, perhaps due to their being easier to produce in these regions: We present ...
Doorknob's user avatar
  • 721
9 votes

Can features in the physical environment meaningfully affect the development of a local language's phonology?

There have definitely been serious linguistic theories about environment affecting features like this - the ones I can remember off the top of my head are that certain sound changes in Proto-Germanic ...
Sparksbet's user avatar
  • 3,431
8 votes

Are there any free online conlang creation tools?

There are some syntax "toys" online, eg http://www.zompist.com/gtg.html. This will help you write a (formal) grammar of your language, but you will need a good understanding of Generative Linguistics ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 4,133
6 votes

Are there any free online conlang creation tools?

There is the Vulgar fantasy language generator, which allows a small language to be generated for free, but requires a subscription for more substantial languages or advanced controls.
Jeff Zeitlin's user avatar
  • 1,142
5 votes

Are there any free resources for learning conlang creation?

This isn't properly a conlang resource, but it's a language learning resource which is pretty useful, at least if your conlang is set in the modern world and not a fantasy one: Gabriel Wyner's 625 ...
Wtrmute's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes

Can features in the physical environment meaningfully affect the development of a local language's phonology?

If you're looking for parallels in animal communication, there's plenty of good evidence that environment shapes the kinds of sounds used. For instance, Henry & Lucas (2010) showed that birds in ...
Arik Kershenbaum's user avatar
4 votes

Are there any free online conlang creation tools?

We all had little experience to go on when we first started making languages! I'd actually recommend that you NOT make use of a conlang recipe resource. What you end up doing is little more than ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 3,255
4 votes
Accepted

Is Schleyer's first sketch of Volapük available as a reprint?

To my big surprise the relevant issue of Sionsharfe is now digitised and freely available from Digitale Bibliothek München. The first sketch of Volapük at this moment still named only Weltsprache or ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes

Are there any resources to learn Solresol available in English?

You can find many articles at SiDoSi (sidosi.org)'s resources page or at this tutorial on blogspot. Also, I'd recommend a translation of "The second major book about Solresol, written by the ...
Duncan's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is there some more detailed information about Dritok available?

This website contains a video and links to some resources. The most important is this PDF, which explains gestures ("Dritok Gestural Syntax"), phonology and grammar.
Cecilia's user avatar
  • 1,168
4 votes
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What resources are there on tone system creation?

Artifexian has a decent pair of videos (#1, #2) on tones which discusses various types of tone systems, how they work in natural languages, how they developed there, and ways you could work them in to ...
Tristan's user avatar
  • 508
4 votes

Looking for a conlang I once encountered

I just came across an old bookmark leading to Dama Diwan and it is my mystery language! complete with the claims of minimality, optimality, construction through divination, ... ... case closed
Laman's user avatar
  • 111
4 votes

Are there any thesauri that use a small controlled-language to define terms?

Looking for a controlled vocabulary to bootstrap the semantics of a conlang brings Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) by Anna Wierzbicka and other authors to my mind. I'm not sure how far any ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
  • 11.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Are there any thesauri that use a small controlled-language to define terms?

You are probably thinking about WordNet, where a synset is a set of words with exactly the same (not just approximate) meaning. But WordNet is much more than this, it also contains informations about ...
Radovan Garabík's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Is there an open-source set of topics and vocabulary for making a language tutorial?

The Fundamento de Esperanto was published in 1905, so as far as I know it's in the public domain everywhere. It's one of the foundational documents of Esperanto, containing a short grammar description,...
Jetpack's user avatar
  • 221
3 votes
Accepted

How does one go about designing phonotactics for a conlang?

Though I had never heard of phonotactics for years after I started my language, I found working on phonotactics very worthwhile. I would definitely do it at the start if I began a new language. Why ...
Vir's user avatar
  • 1,296
3 votes

Are there any free resources for learning conlang creation?

I acknowledge that my response is late, but I'd like to provide a link to an updated version of my Der Spracherfinder that @Vir mentioned. Should you choose to use it, I hope it proves useful. I was ...
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
3 votes

Are there any free resources for learning conlang creation?

The conlang-guiding spreadsheets @Ylahris made, Der Spracherfinder, seeks to take a new person through stages and resources recommended by some of the other guides. It carries your work on one stage ...
Vir's user avatar
  • 1,296
3 votes

Is there any easy way to find out how multiple unrelated languages express the same concept?

Unfortunately not. There are a few concepts (like colour terms or kinship terms) that are regularly studied in linguistic typology and where one can find a lot of publications including high-level ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
  • 11.3k
3 votes

Are there any resources to learn Solresol available in English?

Sorry I missed this question. Many of the main links on Sidosi's Resources page are unreliable, but you can view the archived copies by expanding the info box for a resource (click the + to the left ...
Dan Parson's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Official resource on simlish language

According to the Font of All Knowledge, Simlish worked best as a "language" made up of gibberish words that could not be translated, so that the dialogue's meanings would be left open to the ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 3,255
2 votes

Does The Syntax Construction Kit cover any new material that isn't in the other conlanging books I've read?

I will attempt to answer this question, despite not having read the book, so please take my advice with caution. Looking at the website of the book, zompist.com/syntax.html, you can see an outline of ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 4,133
2 votes

How to learn to make a conlang?

I usually hang out on Writing SE and see questions from people struggling to write a novel. The problem often seems to be that people are too critical of everything they write, so they can’t move ...
Mousentrude's user avatar
1 vote

How to learn to make a conlang?

It looks to me that you're trying to do too much at once. Maybe start off with 'modifying' an existing language. Leave the phonology as is, and work on new words only. Play around with morphology, and ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 4,133
1 vote

How to learn to make a conlang?

Project management skills are useful for conlanging. I have rather bad ADHD, and that is something tat has prevented me from making much progress even though I've been composing a conlang in my head ...
Circeus's user avatar
  • 1,572
1 vote

How to learn to make a conlang?

While the Language Construction Kit offers one particular way of building a conlang, it's very much not the only one—and it seems that one in particular isn't working for you. You say you've ended up ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 4,606
1 vote

How to create realistic intonation?

As far as I know, there isn't a good system in the IPA for rendering intonation. One way to do it would be with a graph (e.g. using Google Sheets). Intonation is rather complicated, and I don't know ...
nearsighted's user avatar
1 vote

Is there an open-source set of topics and vocabulary for making a language tutorial?

One place to start is the Universal Language Dictionary. ULD Version 2.7 is listed on the Frath Wiki. ULD Version 3 is available in Google Sheet form. The Universal Language Dictionary is a list of ...
Jetpack's user avatar
  • 221

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