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2answers
40 views

How is Ido helpful in everyday's life?

Constructed languages such as Ido are easy but is there anyway it is helpful. Do they have any purpose in real life other than being an experiment?
7
votes
2answers
37 views

How to modernize a dead language vocabulary

This is an enthusiastic question: Currently I'm studying Akkadian for fun, but as it is a dead language, the vocabulary may have some missing words/concepts. For example, I didn`t found a word for &...
1
vote
2answers
236 views

Has anybody come up with a "Japanized" version of toki pona?

I saw a post on twitter about creating a "Japanized" version of toki pona. Has anyone done that? toki pona certainly seems to be influenced at least a little bit by Japanese anyway (word ...
3
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0answers
10 views

Attach noi/poi-clauses to a selbri in Lojban

In Lojban, what is the right way to attach restrictive and non-restrictive clauses to a selbri? Consider the English example: It is the fourth-most populous city in California, after Los Angeles, San ...
1
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4answers
52 views

How to go about making a simple to speak (for English speakers) conlang?

I am new to conlanging, and would like to create a language which English speakers can easily learn. How would you suggest I go about optimizing it for English speakers? Which features should I choose ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Reverse diachronic languages

There is quite an amount of so-called diachronic constructed languages, taking one language (historical like vulgar Latin, or modern like present-day English) and applying some sound shifts and ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Does a constructed language need an ontology?

I am very confident my implied premise is valid. There is no sense in trying to construct a language without a complete list illustrating the semantic relationship of the anticipated words. I have not ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Setting a signature Phonetics

A year ago, I became fascinated by conlanging. So I set out to create one for my soon-to-be-completed world, but no matter what I came up with, the words sounded like English. It feels like I am just ...
0
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0answers
63 views

How to create custom characters

I am creating s conlang and have come across roadblock. I want to use custom characters for a keyboard, but I find paper too unorganized and inconvenient. I have tried keyman before, but that did not ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Could a language with only fricatives at the end of words reasonably exist?

There are several non-constructed languages, including English, in which almost all words end in consonants, but what about a language in which almost all words end in a certain type of consonant? In ...
5
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2answers
105 views

Would a "Common Denominator" phonology be too simple (or even non-existent)?

Many languages have sounds that are very hard to pronounce to certain speakers. For example, the French "R" sound is hard for English speakers. What if we have a language that accepts many ...
19
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6answers
513 views

Does Esperanto have any words that mean more than one thing?

Looking at the "about Esperanto" page, I see this line: While he realized that a common language would not end the cultural barrier, it would enable ordinary people, not politicians, to have cross ...
1
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0answers
45 views

First-timer questions for developing language families, been trying out Vulgarlang

I'm currently working on a project of mine, an overhaul modification for the game Victoria 3 and I'm digging deeper into the phase for making unique languages to represent portions of every continent/...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Strategies for marking boundaries between potentially discontinuous top-level clauses

What are some strategies for making boundaries between top-level clauses obvious? I think the most straightforward strategy is some kind of collection of sentence-final particles, but I'm curious ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Inventing A Plural Form For First And Second Person

I am working on the pronoun system for my conlang. The table below illustrates what I have ended up with so far. I am looking for suggestions on how - if even needed - to implement a plural form that ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there a set of sound change rules that undoes Grimm's law?

Zompist has a Sound Change Applier that comes with some example rules: [sm]//_# i/j/_V L/V/_ e//Vr_# v//V_V u/o/_# gn/nh/_ S/Z/V_V c/i/F_t c/u/B_t p//V_t ii/i/_ e//C_rV Is ...
8
votes
4answers
772 views

Are there any Conlangs using Chinese characters?

The Chinese character system is one that is universal to many Chinese dialects. Two people can pronounce the same character in two different ways, but when writing to each other it is intelligible. ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

Can a toki pona vocative phrase go before an adverbial phrase?

If I wanted to translate an imperative phrase: "Dad, eat quickly!" I can say tenpo lili la mama o moku However it seems a bit odd to me to put my vocative mama in the middle. It seems ...
10
votes
4answers
324 views

Sciences in toki pona

I managed to translate a lot of things but I'm stuck on a word. How to say "physics" (knowledge of the nature) in toki pona? A proposition for "nature" would also be appreciated. ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

Are there works composed in Quenya or Sindarin by people other than Tolkien himself?

Are there any works composed (e.g., peoms, songs, short stories) in either Quenya or Sindarin by other authors than JRR Tolkien himself? I am already aware of some dialogues in the Lord of the Rings ...
9
votes
2answers
306 views

What is the influence of Russian on Tolkien's languages?

I have noticed some artifacts from Russian in published earlier manuscripts of Tolkiens works, e.g., The figure named Beorn in The Hobbit was named Medwed in earlier manuscripts In Early Quenya, ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Considering that my elves are anatomically different from humans, what sorts of phonemes, vowels and consonants could they be capable of speaking?

For years now, I've been building and rebuilding an alternate Earth dense with geography, geology and wildlife. Among them is this world's equivalent of humans, Draculodon silvius, the "elf"...
19
votes
3answers
506 views

Were Tolkien's Elvish languages based on known natural languages?

I'm a great fan of Tolkien's books, especially The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit. One thing I have always wondered about in his books though, is whether the Elvish tongues were actually fully new ...
3
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7answers
158 views

Maximizing the distinction between affirmative and negative sentences

What are some strategies for making affirmative and negative sentences as distinct as possible? The motivation for this question is an annoying pair of words in English: can and can't. They frequently ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

Creation of Alphabets

If the creation of languages ​​is called language invention what is the creation of writing systems called? I don't think it's called Lettering because when I search for that on the net, I see that ...
7
votes
3answers
199 views

Do I need a Dative Case?

My conlang already has Benefactive and Lative cases, does it really need a Dative case? I'm racking my brain to find situations that couldn't be covered by those two and would require a separate ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Syllabic restriction/word boundaries set by IPA? Or it is decided by language creator

When creating syllables we basically require an onset, nucleus, and a coda. Now, usually, all language have an onset, and the coda is fairly optional. Before creating a phonetic system, we first ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

How to showcase a conlang?

How would one go about "Showcasing" a conlang, other than by works of fiction, like Tolkien? I want to have a way to share my language to the world in full, with outlined grammar and ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

What is the minimum number of words needed for a conlang?

What would the minimum number of words needed for a conlang, while still being able to speak with about the same level of information passed as a natural language?
11
votes
6answers
1k views

How should my conlang enable arbitrarily large integers to be said?

Whilst worldbuilding, I decided to make a conlang. It's named Leksah. Leksah is heavily influenced by the programming language Haskell. As such, Leksah has only 3 parts of speech: Literals, which ...
9
votes
0answers
221 views

Why is Romanian not a control language for Interlingua?

IALA Interlingua is a naturalistic romance-based conlang. There are six control languages (primary: English, French, Italian, and Spanish/Portuguese counted as one language "Iberian"; secondary: ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

IPA for Voiced Velopharyngeal Stop?

A conlang I am working on contains the nasal syllabic consonants [m̩] and [n̩] fairly frequently. It seems like it would be a natural step for the language to develop what I would call a voiced ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Do we know languages which think about subordinate conjunctions (like 'as,' 'even,' 'while') differently than English does?

for my conlang, I am trying to think of how to do the subordinating conjunction 'as,' 'even,' 'while' (and related: 'even though,' etc.). In the languages that I know well enough to use these words (...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

History of world language

If we look at world history—I am speaking a little vaguely, since it is not possible to be completely accurate. The human race began from a single region, as you can see in the bottom image. What ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Has anyone made image based languages?

This is my first visit here. I have been writing machine/computer languages for about 8 years now. I am completely self taught and use my own tools. I have many languages that I have completed that ...
10
votes
3answers
207 views

How much of Slovio is based on Esperanto?

According to Wikipedia, Slovio (from the Slavic word "slovo") is a constructed language begun in 1999 by Mark Hučko. Hučko claims that the language should be relatively easy for non-Slavs to learn ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

Are there conlangs designed to be whispered?

We all know that natural languages can be whispered and we use whispering for several purposes, e.g., to avoid someone unwanted listening, or in order not to disturb a larger audience. But are there ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What glyph to pick from alternatives in Kēlen script?

The Kēlen alphabet as given on https://www.terjemar.net/kelen/writing.php shows variants for some letters. Here is an example: Are there rules on when to pick which form?
6
votes
1answer
42 views

In compound words/suffixed words, does the stress change?

I'm creating a language where the stress is on the third to last syllable and I have a sound change where an unstressed short vowel at the beginning of a word is deleted. (so in 'a.ta.ra. the word vs ...
11
votes
2answers
358 views

Can Kēlen truly be considered verb-free?

It has been claimed that the conlang Kēlen, winner of the 2009 Smiley award, is supposed to challenge Greenberg's universal of always having a noun-verb distinction by eliminating verbs. In light of ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Does My Conlang, After Looking At My Grammar, Meet the Qualifications For a Legitimate IAL? [closed]

At the end of this question I will provide a link to the grammar in question. I have created an Auxlang that I call Ulimi (because ulimi porridge is simple. It's a stupid pun). I have also got a ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Naturalness of different universal quantifiers based on the size of the domain you're quantifying over

English has a few determiners and determiner-like things that express universal quantification including all and every. How naturalistic is it to have different sets of quantifiers based on features ...
3
votes
3answers
260 views

Is there any general rule for constructing a word? Example: "q" or "w" should not end a word, something like this

I am developing 4 conlangs (sparish, old sparish, elvian and barrish (need a new name)) for a story which is used by humans of Spar, Northern Sparian, Elves/Aspian, Barrians of south respectively. I ...
13
votes
4answers
489 views

What are language concepts that could be considered to be based on human anatomy?

I'm in the early stages of creating an alien language for a personal writing project. I'm trying to avoid the aliens' language having properties that human languages do that are somehow linked to our ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

I am a writer, and am trying to write a language for my story, how should I start as a complete beginner of language? [duplicate]

As a writer, I am trying to write a language so that I can name places more originally, how can I start writing a bare bones language for my story?
-5
votes
2answers
162 views

Is Russian a constructed language?

It is regulated directively by authorities even more strictly than programming languages! E.g. During the reform of 1918 they just forbade letter Ъ аnd removed all those letters! In some cases letter ...
6
votes
1answer
80 views

How many different interjections like 'aha,' 'oh' would you make up for a conlang?

I wonder if other people have thoughts and experience on this topic from the conlanging perspective. Have people with lots of translation experience found the distinction between (for example) 'aha' ...
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Lemmata in a prefixing language

I'm developing a heavily prefixing language, and I'm trying to work out a lemma/citation form for my verbs. However, nearly all forms of the verb have a prefix. For example, the verb "to go" ...
7
votes
4answers
251 views

How can I avoid "relexing" punctuation?

I'm trying to design a conscript for my conlang Atili and would like to create punctuation in order to deliminate sentences and transcribe limited prosody. However, I don't just want to create new ...
4
votes
3answers
183 views

Strategies for dealing with limited/simple phonologies

What problems arise when creating a language with an extremely simple phonology and what are some good strategies for dealing with them? I'm calling this type of phonology extremely simple for the ...

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