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-3 votes
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Language, Cans, and Dos (and language design) [closed]

What if you could design a language with things you could say, and implement elements as beings having can sets and do sets. They start of with can sets (what they are enabled, to do, by ...
2 votes
2 answers
773 views

Has anybody come up with a "Japanized" version of toki pona?

I saw a post on twitter about creating a "Japanized" version of toki pona. Has anyone done that? toki pona certainly seems to be influenced at least a little bit by Japanese anyway (word ...
3 votes
1 answer
36 views

Would cuiviëquendion be the proper translation of the awakening of the Elves?

Would cuiviëquendion be the proper translation of the awakening of the Elves ? As far as I understand cuivië means awakening and quendion is the genetive adjective associated to Quendi which literally ...
1 vote
1 answer
37 views

Need help putting modality in my language bad (realis irrealis system)

For my conlang, which is just a proto language so far, I want a realis-irrealis grammatical mood system because other than the verbs, it's pretty analytical, so it would make sense to use more ...
3 votes
0 answers
33 views

Are there any free resources for creating a customized keyboard layout for a conlang?

Are there any free resources (third-party or otherwise) that would allow me to create a customized keyboard for my conlang? While I have still not finished my conlang I am currently working on, I am ...
1 vote
2 answers
56 views

How can my SOV conlang handle quotations?

In English, a way to express what someone is saying is usually done by putting what the character said in quotes, and place 'x said' either before or after the phrase: Bob said, 'Bill took my fishing ...
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2 votes
2 answers
169 views

I am constructing my own language and I need one more consonant [closed]

I am constructing my own language and I need one more consonant other than BCChDDz, FGHJK, LLyMNNy, PRSShT, and VYZZh. C is Ts, Ch is as in China, Dz is Italian soft J/G, J is Dy/Dj/DZh W is too ...
5 votes
3 answers
188 views

Tips for making a conlang that uses an abjad?

I've been looking at Classical Hebrew a lot for inspiration on some features it has. Turns out, it wasn't what I expected (such as that its not actually a VSO language, it just looks like that due to ...
1 vote
1 answer
49 views

What sounds could humanoids with no teeth produce?

Similar, no dupe: How should a consonant (IPA) chart look for lip-less, teeth-less, non-humans?Similar, no dupe: Which sounds could a lipless humanoid produce? So recently, I decided to create a ...
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Attempt to define verb inflection that is phonologically featural

My native language is Korean, which has a featural script, namely Hangul. Though my conlang isn't going to adopt Hangul, I came up with one question of curiosity: "Can there be a featural grammar?...
4 votes
1 answer
161 views

A conlang with a 'compressed' writing system?

I'm making this since now I think an 'abjad' isn't what I actually had in mind. I was thinking of a system where the vowels don't have to be written, because they're always obvious. Essentially, my ...
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

Language and language storage system reflecting non-linear brain structure

Consider the following sentence. "A sailor {went, ate, made, tailored} to see see see and {did, wanted, embedded-inspired} what they could do" Now, suppose that instead of having a book I ...
8 votes
7 answers
2k views

How many words should I create in a conlang?

Question 1: How many words are minimal for a naturalistic conlang? (1000, 1500, 3000 or even more) Question 2: How many words do the conlangers usually create?
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

Question about selma'o FA

Is the fi elidable in sentences such as the following: fe tu’a lo karce fa mi djica [fi] lo nu litru?
1 vote
0 answers
16 views

How do I say "minimum age" in lojban?

Would "lo sarcyselna'a" be grammatically correct? Are there any specific rules on where to put sel and other cmavo rafsi in lujvo?
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

How do languages make lemmata from root words?

(Google tells me the plural of "lemma" could be "lemmas" or "lemmata", so i chose the latter. Please tell me if it's wrong.) From reading online and offline sources, I've ...
8 votes
2 answers
282 views

How do I naturalistically merge two languages without a clear Substrate and Superstrate?

For my latest worldbuilding project, I'm trying to create a naturalistic language for a fictional empire I've been creating. This empire was born at the end of the Bronze Age when various kingdoms and ...
3 votes
1 answer
82 views

How to develop partial reduplication diachronically?

I want a daughter language of some proto-conlang to develop partial root reduplication for consonant initial roots as a productive and mostly regular morphological feature (the precise value it marks ...
1 vote
1 answer
44 views

Should non-sibilant fricatives be treated like plosives or fricatives?

I don't like ending my words with plosives, because my native language tends to not audibly pronounce them. I prefer to stick to fricatives and nasals for codas. However, I'm unsure where non-sibilant ...
3 votes
1 answer
145 views

How to prevent your conlang from explosively growing

I have made many conlangs in my life but they all wind up facing the same issues, and I am not sure how to prevent it. I wind up with countless different forms of each word as modifiers stack up onto ...
5 votes
1 answer
69 views

Breaking out of the 'derive everything' trap?

Conlang guides often recommend you derive words wherever you can, only generating new roots when no form of compounding can work. Problem is, as the 'natural meta language' demonstrates, most words ...
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

For writing a grammar, benefit of linguistic vs "readable" terminology

I am writing a grammar for my conlang. I imagine finishing it and hiring a grad student or somebody to read it for comments, but otherwise, realistically, it probably has no other audience than myself ...
4 votes
1 answer
36 views

Is this lojban sentence grammatically correct?

Is "ta se klama" grammatically correct? Could I say "That is gone to" in lojban, without adding a zo'e to my sentence? Or would it have to be "That is gone to by something&...
1 vote
1 answer
47 views

Can the suffixes of an agglutinative language include morphemes which are also part of the base verb/noun word forms?

One thing that makes it hard to imagine how agglutinative languages could work is how they can handle when the suffix is also included in the base verb/noun word forms. So say we are translating "...
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

Are there things that commonly end sentences other than verbs?

I'm copy-pasting this from the linguistics board because someone recommended that and I'm not getting any replies there. I'm not expecting much given the luck I've been having on here, but w/e. I've ...
3 votes
3 answers
253 views

How did people learn how to make conlangs?

All I can find are guides on how to make auxlangs and artlangs. I don't want to make either, I want a personal language. I don't care if my language could pass for a real one. I don't care about ...
2 votes
2 answers
114 views

Challenge: compress all of English into the smallest symbol set

Imagine mapping English to short codes, like “a”, “aa”, “abc”, “cde”, separated by spaces. How would you do it? In my opinion, this is very mathematical: because combinations of any finite alphabet ...
2 votes
0 answers
51 views

Is it natural to declare laterals and rhotics as a fortis/lenis pair?

I've sought for justification for the phoneme inventory of my conlang, but finally, I think I found one, at least for consonants. 순음 Labial 설음 Coronal 반설음 "Semi-coronal" 치두음 Front Sibilant ...
1 vote
3 answers
155 views

What are the characteristics of "Non-Linear Language"?

What characteristics would describe a "Non-Linear Language"? For instance would it use Logographs (Chinese, Egyptian, etc.)? Or could it use IPA sound symbols? What would make the language ...
3 votes
2 answers
110 views

What made Tolkien's diachronics purposefully not naturalistic?

Somewhere else I heard that Tolkien's languages had some purposeful non naturalistic diachronics with stuff like elvish languages having the elves make some purposeful changes to them partially due to ...
9 votes
2 answers
937 views

What are the common features of "Elvish" conlangs?

I want to create a fantasy world with Elves speaking their own language. In order to avoid unwanted associations with works of other authors, the Elves should speak a newly invented language. What ...
2 votes
2 answers
288 views

How does this phoneme inventory look? [closed]

How does this phoneme inventory look and any roles for them? Like, how should these be used, what they look like, and how hard it may be for people to comprehend: a - [a] ā - [aː] å - [ø] ä - [ɛ/ɑ] â -...
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Translate into quenya

I want to translate those sentences in quenya : One ring to show our love, One ring to seal our love, One ring to spread our light, And forever to make us bright This gives with latin letters the ...
4 votes
3 answers
210 views

Are there any languages with a vertical consonant distinction?

Are there any languages which distinguish consonants exclusively by manner of articulation instead of place of articulation and such, akin to a vertical vowel system?
3 votes
1 answer
64 views

Syllabic plosives

Fricatives and Sonorants can be in a nucleus of a syllable. Can plosives also act as a syllable? If so, do any of your conlangs have this feature?
4 votes
1 answer
146 views

Is there a good reason not to reverse the letters 𐑓 and 𐑝 in Shavian?

In the Shavian alphabet, the letter 𐑓 makes an f sound and 𐑝 makes a "v" sound. It seems reasonable that these two letters should be reversed, since 𐑝 looks like an f. To stay consistent ...
4 votes
2 answers
154 views

What would be the most accurate character to use to transliterate the 'e' sound in 'bet' to the Arabic alphabet?

I'm trying to transliterate toki pona words containing an 'eh' sound like 'esun', 'en', 'kule', 'ken' & 'seme'. I found an online Kurdish transliteration tool that displays 'esun' ‌as ئه‌سون &...
6 votes
3 answers
144 views

Can a language exist without transitive verbs?

I'm developing my first conlang (no name yet) for a story and came up with an interesting idea: all verbs are intransitive, and objects are added with prepositions. So, a sentence like "I eat ...
3 votes
1 answer
75 views

Question on if I am doing Split-Ergativity right

I am making a split ergative language, and I am struggling a lot on it. So, I am doing a Dyirbal-type pronominal split, where 1st and 2nd person are nominative-accusative and everything else is ...
0 votes
4 answers
251 views

How to learn to make a conlang?

No, I'm not asking for resources. I've consulted every resource I can find, but even after more than a decade of research, I still have no conlang to show for it. I started with the Language ...
2 votes
1 answer
198 views

To make a conlang indeciphrable

How to make a language/code indecipherable or very hard to decipher/learn? What are the key points? How does linguists decipher languages?
2 votes
2 answers
90 views

Is there any conlang where syllables are inverse to word frequency?

Is there any conlang where the more common words are shorter, and the more syllables a word has, the rarer (in terms of occurrence) it is?
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

What are L, S, and F phonemes?

On the Procgenesis language generator, you find these five Phoneme types: C,V,L,S,& F. I believe that C and V are Consonants and Vowels respectively, but nothing I look at can explain the rest. ...
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

Pros/cons for grasping/groking/using novel concepts, new made up words (sound sequences) or multi-word terms composed from simple words?

I am back to thinking about how one could best represent the plethora of concepts from the human perspective. Whether we should invent new words (which are basically arbitrary sound sequences, using ...
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

Vowel Breaking Sound Change

I find breaking to be an interesting sound change which I haven't used much before, and I'm trying to figure out when it would most commonly occur. My understanding is that it would be prone to happen ...
19 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is Tolkien's Dwarvish really based on Hebrew?

Many sources say that Tolkien's Dwarvish resembles the Hebrew language. The Lord of the Rings Wikia states that: It appears to be structured, like real-world Semitic languages, around the ...
5 votes
1 answer
39 views

Lower than / Covered by

I am wondering if there is a distinction in any natural language between a preposition or postposition with the meaning "lower than" and a different preposition or postposition with the ...
2 votes
2 answers
62 views

Is There an Optimal Order for Addressing Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics?

I am about to create a constructed language. Is it acceptable if I follow the levels of language in the given order: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics? Or do I need to do ...
2 votes
2 answers
534 views

An all consonant language? (Part Two)

I'd like to create a language with only consonants, using the letters b, ch, d, f, g(hard), j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, sh, t, th (voiced and unvoiced), v, z, and (most importantly) h. I feel like the h ...
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

What sounds work best for an underwater language spoken by crab people?

Currently I am working on a species of crab people who live semi-aquatic life styles, and I would like their languages to do two things: Be easy to understand underwater Be based somewhat on their ...

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