Questions tagged [typology]

Questions comparing languages or classifying them into categories based on their linguistic features

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Evolution of irregular declensions and conjugations from reconstructed proto-languages

In designing an artificial dialect of the Greek Language, most words and inflections have predictable patterns with a well-guessed/documented evolution which show the origin of the word's roots and ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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How long do words get in other languages, and how hard are long words to say or read?

So I have a list of basic words in my budding conlang. I would like to construct compound words now, like we do with Latin/Greek in English (e.g. "hyacinthoides"). One word I can create in ...
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6 votes
1 answer
112 views

Name of a group of languages with has "less is more" property

Is there a name of a group of languages that try to remove instead of adding things? Examples: Newspeak: reduces words (e.g. bad will be ungood (prefix "un" meaning not), eliminate expression that ...
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3 votes
1 answer
96 views

I'm creating a constructed language. Does this type of conlang exist?

Is there a type of conlang which tries to combine and simplify French and English? (Few word examples) I- Mi You- Vu We- Nu This- Di That- Do Who- Ve What- Ku No- No Note:- This language is not ...
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9 votes
5 answers
495 views

Is mathematics considered a constructed language?

Mathematics consists of various names, relationships, etc. that have been consciously constructed and developed over time. On the other hand its a "formal" language whose scope is extremely ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Are suffixes in Ido agglutinative?

I was thinking what is the correct way to say "Little princess" in Ido. (EN) Little princess - Little (indicates the "size") Princess (descendant of some royal crown and that descendant is female). (...
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9 votes
1 answer
517 views

Valyrian - what living languages does it resemble the most?

I'm interested in knowing what living languages Valyrian from Game of Thrones resembles the most in its grammar and/or vocabulary. I've gathered here some very basic examples of what kind of ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Which categories of inalienable possession have conlangs expressed?

In many natlangs a grammatical distinction is made between alienable and inalienable possession. Inalienable possession is used for things which are in some way conceptualised as being inseparable ...
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8 votes
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Does Volapük contain any elements (order, participle, etc) not present in its European source languages?

Volapük was designed back in the 1800s to be a 'world language', but at first glance, it appears to the layman (me) to just be a mixing of Romance languages, English, and maybe High German. Are there ...
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2 answers
644 views

What are the common features of "Elvish" conlangs?

I want to create a fantasy world with Elves speaking their own language. In order to avoid unwanted associations with works of other authors, the Elves should speak a newly invented language. What ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What are reasons to construct an auxlang, artlang, altlang, etc? [closed]

What are reasons to construct a language? Why do people construct languages? For example, auxlangs are created for global (or regional) 'compatibility'. Why do people construct artlangs, altlangs, ...
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What similarities does The Black Speech in Tolkien have to Hurrian?

I've just come across this quote from Wikipedia: Russian historian Alexander Nemirovski claimed a strong similarity to Hurrian, which had recently been partially deciphered at the time of the ...
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8 votes
4 answers
225 views

Are there any examples of artificial creoles of natural languages?

I remember reading somewhere of a creole-ish artificial language of two (possibly more) natural languages. In the text (I do NOT remember where it was) only one creole (I'm using the term loosely here,...
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13 votes
3 answers
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Consider an isolated, close-knit community; which characteristics is their language likely to have?

For the sake of concreteness, let's say my low-tech conculture is living in a few villages on a smallish island in the middle of the ocean (Pitcairn Islands comes to mind). Basically, this would ...
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11 votes
2 answers
280 views

How similar are Loglan and Lojban?

Loglan is a predecessor to Lojban, and Lojban apparently directly grew out of Loglan. How similar are the two languages at this point? Are they more like dialects of the same language, or more like ...
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20 votes
7 answers
796 views

How do languages manage to make sense with a free word order?

Many of the world's natural languages, and some conlangs, have a free word order, so that the words can be put in any order with it still making sense. If they can't use word order to indicate the ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What are some options for alternative contrasts in demonstratives?

Most languages contrast demonstrative in a "here/there/over there" distance system, with two to five grades (with some referring to the hearer's location too). I'm looking for a different concept for ...
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11 votes
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What significant traits are found in conlangs and not in natlangs? [closed]

Recently I encountered the acronym ANADEW, which I found to mean A natlang's already dunnit, except worse. Pondering a comment from Logan R. Kearsley where he speculated that "... it's mildly positive ...
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12 votes
3 answers
229 views

How much of Slovio is based on Esperanto?

According to Wikipedia, Slovio (from the Slavic word "slovo") is a constructed language begun in 1999 by Mark Hučko. Hučko claims that the language should be relatively easy for non-Slavs to learn ...
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18 votes
2 answers
396 views

What is the difference between an Isolating and an Analytic language?

These two terms appear to be used nearly interchangeably to refer to languages with little morphology. However at the same time I sometimes see them contrasted with each other, but cannot identify a ...
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