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Questions tagged [typology]

Questions comparing languages or classifying them into categories based on their linguistic features

8
votes
1answer
74 views

Which categories of inalienable possession have conlangs expressed?

In many natlangs a grammatical distinction is made between alienable and inalienable possession. Inalienable possession is used for things which are in some way conceptualised as being inseparable ...
7
votes
1answer
82 views

Does Volapük contain any elements (order, participle, etc) not present in its European source languages?

Volapük was designed back in the 1800s to be a 'world language', but at first glance, it appears to the layman (me) to just be a mixing of Romance languages, English, and maybe High German. Are there ...
5
votes
2answers
192 views

What are the common features of “Elvish” conlangs?

I want to create a fantasy world with Elves speaking their own language. In order to avoid unwanted associations with works of other authors, the Elves should speak a newly invented language. What ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What are reasons to construct an auxlang, artlang, altlang, etc? [closed]

What are reasons to construct a language? Why do people construct languages? For example, auxlangs are created for global (or regional) 'compatibility'. Why do people construct artlangs, altlangs, ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

What similarities does The Black Speech in Tolkien have to Hurrian?

I've just come across this quote from Wikipedia: Russian historian Alexander Nemirovski claimed a strong similarity to Hurrian, which had recently been partially deciphered at the time of the ...
7
votes
4answers
131 views

Are there any examples of artificial creoles of natural languages?

I remember reading somewhere of a creole-ish artificial language of two (possibly more) natural languages. In the text (I do NOT remember where it was) only one creole (I'm using the term loosely here,...
12
votes
3answers
191 views

Consider an isolated, close-knit community; which characteristics is their language likely to have?

For the sake of concreteness, let's say my low-tech conculture is living in a few villages on a smallish island in the middle of the ocean (Pitcairn Islands comes to mind). Basically, this would ...
9
votes
2answers
85 views

How similar are Loglan and Lojban?

Loglan is a predecessor to Lojban, and Lojban apparently directly grew out of Loglan. How similar are the two languages at this point? Are they more like dialects of the same language, or more like ...
17
votes
5answers
212 views

How do languages manage to make sense with a free word order?

Many of the world's natural languages, and some conlangs, have a free word order, so that the words can be put in any order with it still making sense. If they can't use word order to indicate the ...
7
votes
2answers
65 views

What are some options for alternative contrasts in demonstratives?

Most languages contrast demonstrative in a "here/there/over there" distance system, with two to five grades (with some referring to the hearer's location too). I'm looking for a different concept for ...
8
votes
2answers
112 views

What significant traits are found in conlangs and not in natlangs? [closed]

Recently I encountered the acronym ANADEW, which I found to mean A natlang's already dunnit, except worse. Pondering a comment from Logan R. Kearsley where he speculated that "... it's mildly positive ...
10
votes
1answer
88 views

How much of Slovio is based on Esperanto?

According to Wikipedia, Slovio (from the Slavic word "slovo") is a constructed language begun in 1999 by Mark Hučko. Hučko claims that the language should be relatively easy for non-Slavs to learn ...
16
votes
2answers
111 views

What is the difference between an Isolating and an Analytic language?

These two terms appear to be used nearly interchangeably to refer to languages with little morphology. However at the same time I sometimes see them contrasted with each other, but cannot identify a ...