Questions tagged [tense-aspect-mood]

For questions about the handling of tense, aspect, and mood in constructed languages.

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Need help putting modality in my language bad (realis irrealis system)

For my conlang, which is just a proto language so far, I want a realis-irrealis grammatical mood system because other than the verbs, it's pretty analytical, so it would make sense to use more ...
haydn chambers's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Attempt to define verb inflection that is phonologically featural

My native language is Korean, which has a featural script, namely Hangul. Though my conlang isn't going to adopt Hangul, I came up with one question of curiosity: "Can there be a featural grammar?...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
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Is there any conlang that implements Reichenbach's tenses?

In Reichenbach's theory of tense three time points, namely the Speech time, the Event time, and the Reference time, an abstract time point from which the event is viewed, are used to classify the ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
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4 votes
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Non-decomposable TAM strategies

The agglutinative language I'm most familiar with is Hungarian, and the way Hungarian handles TAM is, I think, incredibly boring: separate T-A-M markers with no allomorphs that just get concatenated ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
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1 vote
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How many tense subcategories are there across languages, or conceptually?

I have this: That is 3 tenses, but a total of 4 5 4 = 13 "subcategories". This boils down to more abstract concepts such as continuity and completeness. This is a nice table: Could there ...
Lance's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Is it natural that "future possibility" is a separate tense?

I had some thought on how tenses work in my conlang. Eventually, I built a model and defined the tenses accordingly. But before showing that model, let be introduce the most basic tense in my conlang: ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
122 views

I need help with understanding perfect, perfective, perterite, and pluperfect

After reading the definitions of perfect past, perfective past, preterite past, and pluperfect past, I am confused as to what their distinctions are. They all are past tense forms indicating a ...
Ylahris's user avatar
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Does My Conlang, After Looking At My Grammar, Meet the Qualifications For a Legitimate IAL? [closed]

At the end of this question I will provide a link to the grammar in question. I have created an Auxlang that I call Ulimi (because ulimi porridge is simple. It's a stupid pun). I have also got a ...
Itsuki Ookami's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
227 views

Is Irrealis and Evidentials Compatible?

I and other people are making a collaborative conlang. It features mood/evidentiality contrast. There are 4 moods: Indicative Imperative Optative Conditional There are also 6 evidentials: Direct ...
Xwtek's user avatar
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1 answer
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Alternatives to independent verbs for encoding desiderative meaning

English uses an independent verb to encode desiderative meaning, namely want. It normally takes an infinitival complement, although I can take a direct object as well if the subject of the infinitival ...
Greg Nisbet's user avatar
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Naturalness and Intuitiveness of marking tense and aspect in the negative but not affirmative

I'm wondering about the naturalness and intuitiveness of marking tense in negative clauses but not affirmative ones. I'm also wondering whether a language with this hypothetical feature would be ...
Greg Nisbet's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Language with nominal TAM and no verbs: Ergative or tripartite?

I'm working on a language with nominal tense–aspect–mood (TAM), i.e. inflecting nouns instead of verbs. So, a sentence like "the woman sees the man", could be roughly translated to something like "the ...
MoholyNagy's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
314 views

Constructed languages or dialects for Time travellers

Time travel is a standard trope in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Since time travel disrupts the normal perception of time time travellers may develop some linguistic means to deal with this situation. ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
390 views

Are there constructed languages with a tense system inspired by Theory of Relativity?

For readers who aren't familiar with the Theory of Relativity, here is a sketch of how the Special Theory of Relativity structures space and time: There is a point "here and now" where the observer ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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What are the places where I can attach an indication of tense in relation to a conjugated verb action?

Info My conlang uses verb conjugations only in the present tense. To indicate other tenses (preterite/past imperfect/subjunctive/future/etc) I use the combined phrase "sona," meaning "...
FoxElemental's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
395 views

What are the aspects of Esperanto?

By design (looking at the 16 rules of Esperanto) there is no verbal aspect in the Esperanto grammar. However, one can see an incohative aspect in the prefix ek- (e.g., mi ekridas "I burst out laughing"...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
153 views

Is there existing terminology for distinguishing multiple imperative moods?

I have found a conlang, Klyran, which has a rather interesting feature: multiple imperative moods. Quoting from the documentation: For imperative mood there are number of suffixes that correspond ...
Shalvenay's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
287 views

Is the concept of “spatial aspect” attested in any natural language?

As described here, Aspect refers to the grammatical marking of the relation between topic and eventuality time, that is, it marking in what way the time an action actually occurs relates to the time ...
Sascha Baer's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
203 views

How does mood relate to tense and aspect?

Moods are often intertwined with tense and aspect. In fact, the triad is commonly referred to in linguistics as tense-aspect-mood or just TAM. Aspect and tense are relatively straightforward, but how ...
Circeus's user avatar
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16 votes
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What is the difference between tense and aspect?

Many conlangs contain tense, some contain aspect as well or instead, and much of the recommended reading for conlangers assumes that you know what tense and aspect are and what the difference between ...
Sparksbet's user avatar
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34 votes
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Are there any grammatical aspects which do not have parallels in natural languages?

In Describing Morphosyntax, Payne uses a number of diagrams for visually explaining aspects and what they say about actions relative to time. Payne outlines the following, all of which occur in ...
L. L. Blumire's user avatar