Questions tagged [conlang-creation]

For questions about the process of making a conlang.

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Need help putting modality in my language bad (realis irrealis system)

For my conlang, which is just a proto language so far, I want a realis-irrealis grammatical mood system because other than the verbs, it's pretty analytical, so it would make sense to use more ...
haydn chambers's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
32 views

Are there any free resources for creating a customized keyboard layout for a conlang?

Are there any free resources (third-party or otherwise) that would allow me to create a customized keyboard for my conlang? While I have still not finished my conlang I am currently working on, I am ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Attempt to define verb inflection that is phonologically featural

My native language is Korean, which has a featural script, namely Hangul. Though my conlang isn't going to adopt Hangul, I came up with one question of curiosity: "Can there be a featural grammar?...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Is it natural to declare laterals and rhotics as a fortis/lenis pair?

I've sought for justification for the phoneme inventory of my conlang, but finally, I think I found one, at least for consonants. 순음 Labial 설음 Coronal 반설음 "Semi-coronal" 치두음 Front Sibilant ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
110 views

What made Tolkien's diachronics purposefully not naturalistic?

Somewhere else I heard that Tolkien's languages had some purposeful non naturalistic diachronics with stuff like elvish languages having the elves make some purposeful changes to them partially due to ...
Informer's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
64 views

Syllabic plosives

Fricatives and Sonorants can be in a nucleus of a syllable. Can plosives also act as a syllable? If so, do any of your conlangs have this feature?
Chuck 08's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
288 views

How does this phoneme inventory look? [closed]

How does this phoneme inventory look and any roles for them? Like, how should these be used, what they look like, and how hard it may be for people to comprehend: a - [a] ā - [aː] å - [ø] ä - [ɛ/ɑ] â -...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Subordinate Clauses In OSV

So, I'm working on my very first conlang, which happens to be OSV (object-subject-verb word order). But I seem to have run into something of a roadblock. How could I handle clauses such as, for ...
CluelessAboutClauses's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
85 views

What sounds work best for an underwater language spoken by crab people?

Currently I am working on a species of crab people who live semi-aquatic life styles, and I would like their languages to do two things: Be easy to understand underwater Be based somewhat on their ...
Noah Fuque's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
57 views

Polysemies in Proto-Languages: Ways of Formation & Construction?

I'm curious about (and also stuck at) the natural formation and ways of construction of polysemies in naturalistic conlangs / natural languages. More specifically: I'm constructing the vocabularies of ...
atzlt's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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Are there any free resources for learning conlang creation?

Where are some free resources available online for learning how to create conlangs? I'm very new to this, however I can speak one conlang (toki pona). I checked a few other questions this was marked ...
Jme's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
227 views

How to create a Romance-based conlang?

How unoriginal! Yet another guy creating a Romance-based conlang (especially since it's already been covered several times here). Jokes aside, as the title suggests, I'm looking to create a Romance-...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
144 views

Since languages that use OSV/OVS word order normally have short sentences, what would this mean for creating a conlang that uses OVS/OSV word order?

About OVS word order So recently I was reading up a bit on word orders in languages when I came across this Wikipedia article about OVS word order. Now, this is what the Wikipedia article says about ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Phonetics and Phonotactics critique?

Could you help me with a conlang idea I had? I want to make a language that has a solid amount of phonemes so I don't have to make words too long (I want the language to he agglutinative, so there's ...
Victor BC's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
111 views

What are mandatory words groups a language have to have?

I'm creating Merovian (meroo) constructed language since about 2004 and I have yet to settle down on standartisation. Merovian currently has 5 word groups and "other words". Noun Verb ...
Artis Zel's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
101 views

How likely is it for conlangs to have verbs that have the same conjugation as another verb?

So I have been studying Spanish recently (mainly verb conjugations because I'm great at constructing sentences, but still am horrible when it comes to verb conjugations), and decided to teach myself ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
115 views

How to ensure a NATO-esque spelling alphabet works?

I thought my conlang would need a NATO-esque spelling alphabet. In my current sketch, they are words borrowed from Korean and few other languages. They are to serve as mere spelling alphabets, and not ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
315 views

Are there any general rules for creating verb conjugation for a conlang?

So I have been thinking a lot about trying to make my own conlang. I have attempted before to create one in the past, however, all of them have sadly been abandoned. Looking back at them (since I ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
  • 307
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

How to reconcile the large number of similarities between my languages' morphemes

All of the languages I've made so far are placed on the same continent of my conworld, and it's a different continent from where humans evolved, so they would have had to migrate into it. For ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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From what could I derive a morpheme that explicitly marks a noun as being a phrase head?

I have a number of languages I want to combine into a macrofamily, and one thing they have in common is nouns that ending the the pattern *-(V)nVm, e.g. *-n-om in a PIE-esque language, -unum in an ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do I really need plural grammatical number when my conlang deals with existence and uniqueness?

I continued building my conlang, and it's time to deal with grammars of nouns. In my conlang, nouns are categorized into three: countable, measurable, and abstract. This question is about countable ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
139 views

Is there a general strategy to build vocabulary for chemical elements?

I continued building vocabulary for my conlang, and now I'm trying to name chemical elements. Here's the concept: The major speakers of this conlang are angels, and some of them have lived for a long ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
239 views

How to romanize velarization, palatalization, and labialization?

I started a conlang inspired by Marshallese and Navajo, and have taken several labialized, palatalized, and velarized consonants from them. However, I am unsure how to romanize these consonants.
Eric George's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
115 views

When basing a conlang on an existing language, how can I keep the essence of that language while making it unrecognisable?

I wanted the names in my fantasy world to sound like they came from a coherent language, so I found a language that on paper (via Google translate) looks how I want my language to sound. When I wanted ...
Mousentrude's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
107 views

What phonotactical constraints are commonly used by conlangers?

I'm continuing development of Der Spracherfinder (to help you fellow conlangers), and I want to know which phonotactical constraints are most common and helpful to conlangers. For example: forbid ...
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
5 votes
4 answers
455 views

Are there best practices for creating a lexicon or dictionary spreadsheet?

Mine has evolved over years and I'm sure I can still learn more about how to organize it. This might be an even more helpful question for folks starting out.
Vir's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
87 views

What steps in the conlang process am I missing?

My currently known process for conlanging is 1) set goals, 2) define phonology, 3) Romanize, 4) phonotactics, 5) define word order, 6) define morphosyntactic alignment, 7) define morphology type, 8) ...
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
2 votes
1 answer
108 views

Treat the gerund and/or infinitive as a case

Basic questions: Do we know of any property of a gerund or infinitive which prevents it being treated totally like a type of noun? Do we know any language which expresses gerunds or infinitives as a ...
Vir's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
70 views

Do you make a word then give it meaning, or do you think of a meaning and assign a word to it?

I wonder which is more effective, creating a list of conwords then giving definitions or, creating a list of definitions then assigning conwords?
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
6 votes
3 answers
432 views

Roadmap for effective construction of a novel language

I have trivially dabbled in Esperanto, Klingon, and a few other languages. Now I want to build one, and not a distorted copy of an existing one. I want to make a non-junk constructed language. Is ...
EngrStudent's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
214 views

How should I define the lexicographic order for my conlang?

Though I've had a tough time choosing the phonology and the orthography of my conlang, I think I've finally confirmed it: 12 consonants, 10 vowels, Cyrillic script. The consonants are: Пп for [p] Тт ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
113 views

What words would naturally evolve tri-consonantal roots?

I determined to create a conlang with tri-consonantal roots (I call them tri-cons for short). My question then arose, "what words would naturally have a tri-con?" Verbs and the nouns derived ...
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
7 votes
1 answer
150 views

How large must my consonant inventory be in order for nonconcatenative morphology to work?

In my quest to create a language for some fictional characters of mine, I came across nonconcatenative morphology like triconsonantal roots. If I wanted to employ this in my conlang, how many ...
Ylahris's user avatar
  • 633
5 votes
1 answer
211 views

How can my conlang say "hot/cold" without ambiguity?

I'm creating a conlang for worldbuilding, and I'm building vocabulary for basic physical adjectives such as "long/short", "heavy/light", and "hot/cold". The major ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
46 views

Can a lone superorganism develop an internal language?

I'm imagining a hypothetical lone organism on a planet. Something like Avatar, the movie's Eywa. I am envisioning it as a massive organism covering the entire surface of the planet but biologically ...
Aditya Prakash's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
58 views

Two different symbols representinɡ a phoneme

How would I represent multiple transliterations for one phoneme in a chart? I was thinking something like this: ⟨k~q⟩ /k/ It might work, though it doesn't make the most sense, and I would prefer to ...
CaptainYulef's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
149 views

What uncommon letters are there? [closed]

I have made an alphabet, but I think that I need to add more letters. I don't want to invent random letters. Is there a letter that doesn't exist in most other languages? My language's alphabet has 16 ...
Fmbalbuena's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
210 views

Are there any languages with a vertical consonant distinction?

Are there any languages which distinguish consonants exclusively by manner of articulation instead of place of articulation and such, akin to a vertical vowel system?
Qaziquza's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
205 views

Creating a language for intelligent, sapient creatures that resemble large cats

In my world, there is a race of intelligent, sapient creatures that resemble large cats. They have fur, tails, and whiskers, and can purr and meow like regular cats, but they can also walk upright on ...
Jacob Valdez's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
446 views

How does one go about designing phonotactics for a conlang?

Most every conlanger has heard of phonotactics. However, I have yet to encounter resources about how should one go about the design of a conlang's phonotactics. How should one go about creating a ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
  • 639
4 votes
1 answer
265 views

How do trade languages form?

I’ve read books (mainly Star Wars) that tend to have a species language (e.g. cheunh for chiss) and then trade languages that the greater part of a region also speaks (e.g. Minniesiat and Sy Binsti). ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
60 views

For a whistling language, what other keys could be used to represent tones/tone actions

I already have used ~,<,>,’,=,-,^, and v for trills, rising tones, falling tones, glottal stops, chord tones, neutral tones, rising/falling tone, and falling/rising tone. This language is ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
631 views

Are there set example sentences used when developing a conlang?

When working on fonts, it's typical to use a pangram to show how it handles letters, like so: Sphinx of black quartz, judge my vow Is there an equivalent set of sentences for testing how a conlang ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
555 views

I want to build a language that expresses the maximum amount of information with minimal words spoken

I'm trying to come up with a conlang for a setting where spoken word casts magic etc. In this case, a group of wizards, etc. Develop arcadian, which functions to give the most information with the ...
Mike Fleitz's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
77 views

How to create realistic intonation?

How would one approach creating a conlang with a system of intonation, like English? Specifically for a naturalistic a priori conlang. Some sub-queries I have are What resources are there, if any, on ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
  • 639
7 votes
1 answer
95 views

What is the word-grammar transcription thing called?

What is the thing used under a sentence in a conlang that looks sort of like this: NOM-he.F-PAST said.F-PAST called? I know I probably used it completely wrong in that example, but what is this called,...
78757875's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
121 views

How to decay (remove) vowel harmony system by conlang evolution?

So I have a Back vowel harmony system in my conlang, where front and back vowel cannot occur in the same word. Now that I am evolving my conlang, How can I decay the harmony system giving space to ...
The Social Pi's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
201 views

Do I need to start with a phonology when creating a new conlang?

The few conlangs I've read about/watched being developed in videos (such as those by Biblaridion) either started with phonology, or the description begins that way. Whether that's a representative ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
108 views

Is it possible to have consonant followed by Uvular sound

I am thinking of creating a language that has a sound system a little similar to Latin, with a guttural feel like German. The people who are going to speak this language are harsh and sound annoyed at ...
Momobear's user avatar
  • 319
4 votes
1 answer
228 views

How to prevent pronoun dropping in my language?

I have an idea for a language I am toying with where sentences have a fairly rigid structure, unfortunately I get the feeling that if I were to start with a precursor protolang (as part of me ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar