Questions tagged [conlang-creation]

For questions about the process of making a conlang.

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Subordinate Clauses In OSV

So, I'm working on my very first conlang, which happens to be OSV (object-subject-verb word order). But I seem to have run into something of a roadblock. How could I handle clauses such as, for ...
CluelessAboutClauses's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
60 views

What sounds work best for an underwater language spoken by crab people?

Currently I am working on a species of crab people who live semi-aquatic life styles, and I would like their languages to do two things: Be easy to understand underwater Be based somewhat on their ...
Noah Fuque's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
51 views

Polysemies in Proto-Languages: Ways of Formation & Construction?

I'm curious about (and also stuck at) the natural formation and ways of construction of polysemies in naturalistic conlangs / natural languages. More specifically: I'm constructing the vocabularies of ...
atzlt's user avatar
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4 answers
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Are there any free resources for learning conlang creation?

Where are some free resources available online for learning how to create conlangs? I'm very new to this, however I can speak one conlang (toki pona). I checked a few other questions this was marked ...
Jme's user avatar
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1 answer
126 views

How to create a Romance-based conlang?

How unoriginal! Yet another guy creating a Romance-based conlang (especially since it's already been covered several times here). Jokes aside, as the title suggests, I'm looking to create a Romance-...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
99 views

Since languages that use OSV/OVS word order normally have short sentences, what would this mean for creating a conlang that uses OVS/OSV word order?

About OVS word order So recently I was reading up a bit on word orders in languages when I came across this Wikipedia article about OVS word order. Now, this is what the Wikipedia article says about ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Phonetics and Phonotactics critique?

Could you help me with a conlang idea I had? I want to make a language that has a solid amount of phonemes so I don't have to make words too long (I want the language to he agglutinative, so there's ...
Victor BC's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
99 views

What are mandatory words groups a language have to have?

I'm creating Merovian (meroo) constructed language since about 2004 and I have yet to settle down on standartisation. Merovian currently has 5 word groups and "other words". Noun Verb ...
Artis Zel's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
79 views

How likely is it for conlangs to have verbs that have the same conjugation as another verb?

So I have been studying Spanish recently (mainly verb conjugations because I'm great at constructing sentences, but still am horrible when it comes to verb conjugations), and decided to teach myself ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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How to ensure a NATO-esque spelling alphabet works?

I thought my conlang would need a NATO-esque spelling alphabet. In my current sketch, they are words borrowed from Korean and few other languages. They are to serve as mere spelling alphabets, and not ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
205 views

Are there any general rules for creating verb conjugation for a conlang?

So I have been thinking a lot about trying to make my own conlang. I have attempted before to create one in the past, however, all of them have sadly been abandoned. Looking back at them (since I ...
CrSb0001's user avatar
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2 votes
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How to reconcile the large number of similarities between my languages' morphemes

All of the languages I've made so far are placed on the same continent of my conworld, and it's a different continent from where humans evolved, so they would have had to migrate into it. For ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
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1 answer
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From what could I derive a morpheme that explicitly marks a noun as being a phrase head?

I have a number of languages I want to combine into a macrofamily, and one thing they have in common is nouns that ending the the pattern *-(V)nVm, e.g. *-n-om in a PIE-esque language, -unum in an ...
Arcaeca's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Do I really need plural grammatical number when my conlang deals with existence and uniqueness?

I continued building my conlang, and it's time to deal with grammars of nouns. In my conlang, nouns are categorized into three: countable, measurable, and abstract. This question is about countable ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
110 views

Is there a general strategy to build vocabulary for chemical elements?

I continued building vocabulary for my conlang, and now I'm trying to name chemical elements. Here's the concept: The major speakers of this conlang are angels, and some of them have lived for a long ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
205 views

How to romanize velarization, palatalization, and labialization?

I started a conlang inspired by Marshallese and Navajo, and have taken several labialized, palatalized, and velarized consonants from them. However, I am unsure how to romanize these consonants.
Eric George's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
107 views

When basing a conlang on an existing language, how can I keep the essence of that language while making it unrecognisable?

I wanted the names in my fantasy world to sound like they came from a coherent language, so I found a language that on paper (via Google translate) looks how I want my language to sound. When I wanted ...
Mousentrude's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
101 views

What phonotactical constraints are commonly used by conlangers?

I'm continuing development of Der Spracherfinder (to help you fellow conlangers), and I want to know which phonotactical constraints are most common and helpful to conlangers. For example: forbid ...
Ylahris's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
318 views

Are there best practices for creating a lexicon or dictionary spreadsheet?

Mine has evolved over years and I'm sure I can still learn more about how to organize it. This might be an even more helpful question for folks starting out.
Vir's user avatar
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1 vote
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What steps in the conlang process am I missing?

My currently known process for conlanging is 1) set goals, 2) define phonology, 3) Romanize, 4) phonotactics, 5) define word order, 6) define morphosyntactic alignment, 7) define morphology type, 8) ...
Ylahris's user avatar
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2 votes
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Treat the gerund and/or infinitive as a case

Basic questions: Do we know of any property of a gerund or infinitive which prevents it being treated totally like a type of noun? Do we know any language which expresses gerunds or infinitives as a ...
Vir's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
66 views

Do you make a word then give it meaning, or do you think of a meaning and assign a word to it?

I wonder which is more effective, creating a list of conwords then giving definitions or, creating a list of definitions then assigning conwords?
Ylahris's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Roadmap for effective construction of a novel language

I have trivially dabbled in Esperanto, Klingon, and a few other languages. Now I want to build one, and not a distorted copy of an existing one. I want to make a non-junk constructed language. Is ...
EngrStudent's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
177 views

How should I define the lexicographic order for my conlang?

Though I've had a tough time choosing the phonology and the orthography of my conlang, I think I've finally confirmed it: 12 consonants, 10 vowels, Cyrillic script. The consonants are: Пп for [p] Тт ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

What words would naturally evolve tri-consonantal roots?

I determined to create a conlang with tri-consonantal roots (I call them tri-cons for short). My question then arose, "what words would naturally have a tri-con?" Verbs and the nouns derived ...
Ylahris's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
133 views

How large must my consonant inventory be in order for nonconcatenative morphology to work?

In my quest to create a language for some fictional characters of mine, I came across nonconcatenative morphology like triconsonantal roots. If I wanted to employ this in my conlang, how many ...
Ylahris's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
207 views

How can my conlang say "hot/cold" without ambiguity?

I'm creating a conlang for worldbuilding, and I'm building vocabulary for basic physical adjectives such as "long/short", "heavy/light", and "hot/cold". The major ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
44 views

Can a lone superorganism develop an internal language?

I'm imagining a hypothetical lone organism on a planet. Something like Avatar, the movie's Eywa. I am envisioning it as a massive organism covering the entire surface of the planet but biologically ...
Aditya Prakash's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
57 views

Two different symbols representinɡ a phoneme

How would I represent multiple transliterations for one phoneme in a chart? I was thinking something like this: ⟨k~q⟩ /k/ It might work, though it doesn't make the most sense, and I would prefer to ...
CaptainYulef's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
123 views

What uncommon letters are there? [closed]

I have made an alphabet, but I think that I need to add more letters. I don't want to invent random letters. Is there a letter that doesn't exist in most other languages? My language's alphabet has 16 ...
Fmbalbuena's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
157 views

Are there any languages with a vertical consonant distinction?

Are there any languages which distinguish consonants exclusively by manner of articulation instead of place of articulation and such, akin to a vertical vowel system?
Qaziquza's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
185 views

Creating a language for intelligent, sapient creatures that resemble large cats

In my world, there is a race of intelligent, sapient creatures that resemble large cats. They have fur, tails, and whiskers, and can purr and meow like regular cats, but they can also walk upright on ...
Jacob Valdez's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
342 views

How does one go about designing phonotactics for a conlang?

Most every conlanger has heard of phonotactics. However, I have yet to encounter resources about how should one go about the design of a conlang's phonotactics. How should one go about creating a ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
264 views

How do trade languages form?

I’ve read books (mainly Star Wars) that tend to have a species language (e.g. cheunh for chiss) and then trade languages that the greater part of a region also speaks (e.g. Minniesiat and Sy Binsti). ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
55 views

For a whistling language, what other keys could be used to represent tones/tone actions

I already have used ~,<,>,’,=,-,^, and v for trills, rising tones, falling tones, glottal stops, chord tones, neutral tones, rising/falling tone, and falling/rising tone. This language is ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
479 views

Are there set example sentences used when developing a conlang?

When working on fonts, it's typical to use a pangram to show how it handles letters, like so: Sphinx of black quartz, judge my vow Is there an equivalent set of sentences for testing how a conlang ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
534 views

I want to build a language that expresses the maximum amount of information with minimal words spoken

I'm trying to come up with a conlang for a setting where spoken word casts magic etc. In this case, a group of wizards, etc. Develop arcadian, which functions to give the most information with the ...
Mike Fleitz's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
72 views

How to create realistic intonation?

How would one approach creating a conlang with a system of intonation, like English? Specifically for a naturalistic a priori conlang. Some sub-queries I have are What resources are there, if any, on ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
94 views

What is the word-grammar transcription thing called?

What is the thing used under a sentence in a conlang that looks sort of like this: NOM-he.F-PAST said.F-PAST called? I know I probably used it completely wrong in that example, but what is this called,...
78757875's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
105 views

How to decay (remove) vowel harmony system by conlang evolution?

So I have a Back vowel harmony system in my conlang, where front and back vowel cannot occur in the same word. Now that I am evolving my conlang, How can I decay the harmony system giving space to ...
The Social Pi's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
190 views

Do I need to start with a phonology when creating a new conlang?

The few conlangs I've read about/watched being developed in videos (such as those by Biblaridion) either started with phonology, or the description begins that way. Whether that's a representative ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
105 views

Is it possible to have consonant followed by Uvular sound

I am thinking of creating a language that has a sound system a little similar to Latin, with a guttural feel like German. The people who are going to speak this language are harsh and sound annoyed at ...
Momobear's user avatar
  • 319
4 votes
1 answer
217 views

How to prevent pronoun dropping in my language?

I have an idea for a language I am toying with where sentences have a fairly rigid structure, unfortunately I get the feeling that if I were to start with a precursor protolang (as part of me ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
152 views

What CompSci concepts have been used in conlanging?

I am looking for things in the vein of the use of run-length encoding in representing arbitrarily large integers in a Haskell-based conlang. An example might be tree data structure based punctuation ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
  • 629
3 votes
4 answers
164 views

How to go about making a simple to speak (for English speakers) conlang?

I am new to conlanging, and would like to create a language which English speakers can easily learn. How would you suggest I go about optimizing it for English speakers? Which features should I choose ...
Qaziquza's user avatar
  • 629
5 votes
1 answer
96 views

Setting a signature Phonetics

A year ago, I became fascinated by conlanging. So I set out to create one for my soon-to-be-completed world, but no matter what I came up with, the words sounded like English. It feels like I am just ...
Momobear's user avatar
  • 319
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

First-timer questions for developing language families, been trying out Vulgarlang

I'm currently working on a project of mine, an overhaul modification for the game Victoria 3 and I'm digging deeper into the phase for making unique languages to represent portions of every continent/...
NagaPrince's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
111 views

Considering that my elves are anatomically different from humans, what sorts of phonemes, vowels and consonants could they be capable of speaking?

For years now, I've been building and rebuilding an alternate Earth dense with geography, geology and wildlife. Among them is this world's equivalent of humans, Draculodon silvius, the "elf"...
JohnWDailey's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
679 views

What is the minimum number of words needed for a conlang?

What would the minimum number of words needed for a conlang, while still being able to speak with about the same level of information passed as a natural language?
Gabriel Tellez's user avatar
11 votes
7 answers
2k views

How should my conlang enable arbitrarily large integers to be said?

Whilst worldbuilding, I decided to make a conlang. It's named Leksah. Leksah is heavily influenced by the programming language Haskell. As such, Leksah has only 3 parts of speech: Literals, which ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar