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Even though the question seems trivial, it's still a hotly debated topic (as far as I'm aware). For example, in the Oxford Handbook for Polysynthesis, Fernando Zúñiga says:

Recent literature (e.g. Dixon and Aikhenvald 2002b) has emphasized the need to distinguish, in principle, between low-level units identified via phonological and prosodic rules (p-words) and those identified via rules of grammar (g-words).

Is this a meaningful distinction? What other distinctions are there? What languages present problems when the concept of word is introduced to them?

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    As linguists like to joke, the best definition of a word is "the thing you put spaces around." – curiousdannii Feb 7 '18 at 0:56